Groningen

(redirected from Groeningen)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Groningen

(grō`nĭng-ən), province (1994 pop. 556,600), c.900 sq mi (2,330 sq km), NE Netherlands, bordering on Germany in the east and the North Sea in the north. GroningenGroningen,
city (1994 pop. 170,535), capital of Groningen prov., NE Netherlands. It is an important trade and transportation center. Manufactures include clothing, food products, furniture, and machinery.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is the capital of the province, which has both an agricultural and industrial economy. There is a fertile coastal strip; the interior consists largely of reclaimed fenland and peat bogs and is drained by numerous canals. Vast reserves of natural gas were discovered there in 1961. In 1536, Charles V, the Hapsburg ruler, added Groningen to his Netherlands possessions. During the revolt of the Netherlands against Spain, the nobles living in the province's countryside signed the Union of Utrecht in 1579. The capital, however, remained loyal to the Hapsburgs until 1594.

Groningen,

city (1994 pop. 170,535), capital of Groningen prov., NE Netherlands. It is an important trade and transportation center. Manufactures include clothing, food products, furniture, and machinery. Among its prominent industries are sugar refining, book printing, and tobacco processing. In the 11th cent., Groningen came under the temporal power of the bishops of Utrecht. It soon rose to prominence and in the 12th cent. supplied ships for the Crusades. In 1284 it joined the Hanseatic LeagueHanseatic League
, mercantile league of medieval German towns. It was amorphous in character; its origin cannot be dated exactly. Originally a Hansa was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and later gained control over the central section of FrieslandFriesland
or Frisia
, province (1994 pop. 607,000), c.1,325 sq mi (3,430 sq km), N Netherlands. Leeuwarden is the capital. The province includes several of the West Frisian Islands along the North Sea coast and borders on the IJsselmeer in the southwest.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which now constitutes Groningen prov. The city remained loyal to the Hapsburgs at the beginning of the revolt of the Netherlands against Spain, but was captured by the Dutch under Maurice of Nassau in 1594. A picturesque city, Groningen has several churches, notably the Martinikerk (15th cent.) and the Nieuwe Kerk (17th cent.), as well as the Groniger Museum of Art and many other museums. It is also the site of the Univ. of Groningen (1614).

Groningen

 

a province in the Netherlands. Area, 2.300 sq km. Population, 517,000 (1970). Its administrative center is the city of Groningen. Agriculture is the basis of its economy. Among the crops grown are wheat, oats, barley, rye, potatoes (Groningen and the province of Drenthe produce 30 percent of all exports of seed potatoes and starch in the capitalist world), sugar beets, and flax. The Slochteren region has one of the most important deposits of natural gas in Europe (1.900 billion cu m, according to a 1967 estimate). The Winschoten region produces table salt. (The solution moves by pipe to Delfzijl.) The province also has some metal-working and food industry.


Groningen

 

a city in the northeastern Netherlands. Administrative center of Groningen Province. In 1970 it had a population of 168,800 (199,800 counting the surrounding areas). It is a transportation center, with canals to Dollart Bay, Wadden Zee, and IJsselmeer. It has food (mainly sugar), tobacco, clothing, and metalworking industries and also important chemical and printing enterprises. The first record of the city dates from the 11th century; in 1284 it joined the Hanseatic League. Its university dates from 1614. The city has a rectangular network of streets and a ring of boulevards on the site of fortifications of the 17th century. The Grote Markt and Vischmarkt squares are in the center of the city. The Martinikerk and the Akerk are Gothic churches dating from the 15th century. The town hall (1802–10, architect J. O. Husly) is in the classical style. In the mid-20th century many new residential areas and office buildings have been built in the modern style.

REFERENCE

Neurdenburg. E. De historische schoonheid van Groningen. Amsterdam, 1942.

Groningen

1. a province in the NE Netherlands: mainly agricultural. Capital: Groningen. Pop.: 573 000 (2003 est.). Area: 2336 sq. km (902 sq. miles)
2. a city in the NE Netherlands, capital of Groningen province. Pop.: 177 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Singer informed Conant that leading universities in the Netherlands, including Leyden, Utrecht, and Groeningen, had joined the British universities in refusing to send delegates.
Arriva, which runs rail services across the North-East and Wales, already operates trains in Jutland in Denmark and Groeningen in the Netherlands.
Arriva already operates trains in Jutland in Denmark and Groeningen in the Netherlands.
The group,already operates trains in Jutland in Denmark and Groeningen in the Netherlands.
The group, which runs rail services in the north east of England and Wales, already operates trains in Jutland in Denmark and Groeningen in the Netherlands.
1977: Dutch marines stormed a train at Assen where South Moluccan terrorists held 55hostages: In May 13, South Moluccan terrorists seized 55 hostages on board a train travelling between Rotterdam and Groeningen in Holland.
In a recent presentation to the Conference Board Europe, Professor Bart van Ark of the universities of Groeningen (The Netherlands) and Yale, showed several studies that demonstrated the crucial role of "intangible" investments in which organizational qualities played a leading part (Conference Board, 2002).
The winning design was created by rising landscape stars, Gabriella Pape and Isabelle Van Groeningen, who work under the name of Land Art.
The garden was commissioned by Jackie and Alan Gear, who head the Henry Doubleday Research Association at Ryton, and designed by Isabelle van Groeningen.
Bavo; back on the train to Bruges for his Virgin and Child with George van der Paele in the Groeningen museum; and back by train to Brussel's Midi station.
More than 23 of the 65 clients served in 2005 were new customers and ranged from regional airports such as Hull in Canada, Newcastle in the United Kingdom and Groeningen in The Netherlands, to global hubs such as Singapore Changi and Copenhagen International Airports.
by Cesc Gay, "The Last Station" by Michael Hoffman, "Face" by Tsai Ming-Liang, "Phobidilia" by Yoav Paz and Doron Paz, and "The Misfortunates" by Felix Van Groeningen.