Groote Schuur

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Groote Schuur

(khro͝o`tə skür) [Afrik.,=large barn], estate, Cape Town, Western Cape, SW South Africa. The main building of the estate, which is a good example of Dutch colonial architecture, was erected on the site of a large barn dating from 1657. It once was the home of Cecil RhodesRhodes, Cecil John
, 1853–1902, British imperialist and business magnate. Business Career

The son of a Hertfordshire clergyman, he first went to South Africa in 1870, joining his oldest brother, Herbert, on a cotton plantation in Natal.
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 and later was an official residence of South Africa's prime ministers and presidents; it is now a museum. The Univ. of Cape Town is those grounds of the estate that were bequeathed by Rhodes for a national university; in 1967, Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the world's first human heart transplant operation there.
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These obstacles to future negotiations were removed by several compromise agreements that resulted from the first series of formal encounters between Government and African National Congress (ANG) representatives in 1990 and 1991, as embodied by the Groote Schuur Minute, the Pretoria Minute and the D F Ma/an Accord.