Ground Beetles

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Related to Ground Beetles: Rove beetles

Ground Beetles


(Carabidae), a family of beetles. Ground beetles vary in size (2–8 cm). Many have anal glands that secrete a caustic fluid. The elytra usually cover the entire abdomen; sometimes they grow together, in which case the wings are absent or underdeveloped. The larvae are elongated, mobile, and often black and shiny; most are predaceous and some are herbivorous. Pupation takes place in soil.

Ground beetles eat mostly mollusks, insect larvae, and sometimes earthworms. Some species are herbivorous and are capable of injuring grains (grain and millet beetles and other species of the genera Zabrus, Amara, and Harpalus). They are usually active at night, hiding during the day under stones or fallen leaves. There are approximately 20,000 species, widely distributed all over the world but mainly in the temperate zone and most of all in Europe and Asia. There are more than 2,300 species in the USSR. Some species of the genera Carabus and Calosoma, particularly the European ground beetle, are very useful in forestry and orchard growing because they destroy gypsy moth caterpillars, cutworms, and slugs.


Kryzhanovskii, O. L. Zhuki-zhuzhelitsy roda Carabus Srednei Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
Provisional Atlas of the Ground Beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) of Britain.
The sticky blood was most effective against two common species of ground beetles, Harpalus pensylvanicus and H.
And over at Liverpool's World Museum, visitors can get up close to birds of prey, tarantulas, scorpions and Indian Ground Beetles which squirt skin-corroding acid.
Four families, crickets and grasshoppers (Gryllacrididae), scarab beetles (Scarabaedidae), ground beetles (Carabidae), and wolf spiders (Lycosidae) were captured on each treatment.
Brantley as being parts of earwigs (Forficula auricularis), ground beetles (Carabidae), and darkling beetles (Tenebrionidae), indicating the owl probably had been recently foraging on the ground, likely in moist litter.
Vine weevils and their grubs are eaten by birds, frogs, toads, shrews, hedgehogs and predatory ground beetles.
The good guys are hoverflies (often mistaken for wasps) and their larvae (sometimes mistaken for caterpillars), ladybirds, lacewings, ground beetles and anthocorids, which are all a huge help, eating up masses of common pests.
We compared capture efficiency and preservation attributes between five fluids in a field experiment with special respect to spiders (Araneae) and ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae).
says that a few other insects, such as certain ground beetles, specialize in attacking snails.
Spanish Fly is an aphrodisiac of some repute, made from ground beetles, but can cause bladder irritation, permanent scarring of the genital tract and can even be poisonous.