Group Theatre


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Group Theatre,

organization formed in New York City in 1931 by Harold ClurmanClurman, Harold
, 1901–80, American director, manager, critic, and author, b. New York City. In his early years he acted in minor roles, becoming associated with New York's Group Theatre as founder and managing director in 1931.
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, Cheryl Crawford, and Lee StrasbergStrasberg, Lee
, 1901–82, American theatrical director, teacher, and actor, b. Budzanów, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Budaniv, Ukraine) as Israel Strassberg. Strasberg immigrated to New York City in 1909. He was a cofounder in 1931 of the Group Theatre.
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. Its founders, who had worked earlier with the Provincetown PlayersProvincetown Players,
American theatrical company that first introduced the plays of Eugene O'Neill. The company opened with his Bound East for Cardiff at the Wharf Theatre, Provincetown, on Cape Cod in 1916 and later worked in New York City in conjunction with the
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, wished to revive and redefine American theater by establishing a permanent company to present contemporary plays of social significance and by developing the theaterical arts, in particular, that of acting. Under Strasberg's tutelage, the actors explored the interior techniques based on StanislavskyStanislavsky, Constantin
, 1863–1938, Russian theatrical director, teacher, and actor, whose original name was Constantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev. He was cofounder with Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko of the Moscow Art Theater in 1898, which he would remain associated with for
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's teachings that evolved into the American Method style of acting. Although never financially secure, the group was recognized as a vital theatrical force. It was at its height between 1935 and 1937, when it produced Awake and Sing, Waiting for Lefty, and Golden Boy, all by Clifford OdetsOdets, Clifford
, 1906–63, American dramatist, b. Philadelphia. After graduating from high school he became an actor and in 1931 joined the Group Theatre. Turning his attention from acting to playwriting, Odets soon came to be regarded as the most gifted of the American
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. In 1937, Clurman became sole director. Although the group disbanded in 1941, its influence was great; many of its members became prominent actors, teachers, and directors.

Bibliography

See H. Clurman, The Fervent Years (1945).

References in periodicals archive ?
Murphy was also known as a theatre actor, who trained at the Ulster Group Theatre School in 1948 and worked for several years at the Lyric Theatre in Belfast.
ISLAMABAD -- Stage drama titled as "Siyasat@ 8pm" organized by the group Theatre Walay enthralled audience here at Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai Auditorium late Friday.
He trained as an actor at Bristol Old Vic before starting his acting career at the Group Theatre in his home town in 1952.
But that will be put right in May when he shows work at the Dewsbury Arts Group theatre.
With the purchase of a large fountain Coca-Cola[R] at a Regal Entertainment Group theatre, moviegoers who swipe their Regal Crown Club card will be entered for a chance to win a trip to Los Angeles to attend the 2013 American Idol[R] finale this May
Kalubela', which opens at the First Group Theatre at the Madinat Jumeirah, has been described as 'an adventurous adult variety show'.
The best songs of the 60s like Big Spender, All That Jazz of the 70s, and other big hits through the 80s down to the present era will be performed live in the locally-produced musical set to enthrall audiences at the First Group Theatre on October 3 to 6.
The Fab Four -- Music of the Beatles will celebrate The Beatles' 50th Anniversary with live performances on September 6 to 8 at the First Group Theatre, Madinat Jumeirah, said Suhail.
His latest play, 'The Starry Messenger', is currently enjoying a run at Off-Broadway's The New Group theatre, and was expected to switch to a bigger venue.
I was lucky enough to gain parts in productions such as Blood Brothers and Chicago as part of Wirral Group Theatre.
Before, I felt that life is difficult, but as soon as I started group theatre, I could learn how to live life.
Odets, who was born of Jewish immigrant parents in the Bronx, wrote the play while working with the influential Group Theatre, a company he had helped found.