Grove, Andy(Andrew Stephen Grove) (), 1936–2016, American computer-industry executive, b. Budapest, Hungary, as András István Gróf, immigrated to the United States 1957, Ph.D. Univ. of California, Berkeley, 1963. He worked for Fairchild Semiconductor (1963–68), then joined Intel Corp. upon its founding (1968) by Gordon MooreMoore, Gordon Earle,
1929– American engineer, inventor, and entrepreneur, b. San Francisco, Ph.D. California Institute of Technology, 1954. He joined (1956) Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory, where he worked with William Shockley, the co-inventor of the transistor.
..... Click the link for more information. , Robert NoyceNoyce, Robert Norton
, 1927–90, American engineer, inventor, and entrepeneur, b. Burlington, Iowa.; grad. Grinnell College (B.A., 1949), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Ph.D., 1953).
..... Click the link for more information. , and others. He played a critical role in shifting the company's focus from memory chips to microprocessors. Grove served as Intel's president (1979–87), CEO (1987–98), and chairman (1997–2005). He wrote several books, including the college textbook Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Devices (1967), the management books High Output Management (1983) and Only the Paranoid Survive (1996), and Swimming Across: A Memoir (2001).
See biographies by T. Jackson (1998) and R. Tedlow (2006).