Grylloidea

Grylloidea

 

a superfamily of crickets of the order Orthoptera. The body is cylindrical and usually shorter than the antennae. The elytra lie flat against the body, the left one covering the right; in males the elytra have well-developed stridulating organs. The auditory organs are located on the fore tibiae. The abdomen has long cerci; the ovipositor is slender and straight.

There are about 2,000 species, distributed in tropical and temperate zones. Most of the approximately 50 species found in the USSR belong to the family Gryllidae. The crickets are most often found in the southern Crimea, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. They usually live in cracks in soil, under rocks, or in burrows; some inhabit human dwellings (Gryllus domesticus). Tree crickets deposit their eggs in the stems of plants, wingless crickets live in ant nests, and mole crickets (Gryllotalpidae) make passages in soil. The insects are omnivorous; some species, for example, a number of mole crickets and the desert cricket, damage plants. Control measures include the use of poisoned bait and thorough soil cultivation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Robillard T, Desutter-Grandcolas L (2004) High-frequency calling in Eneopterinae crickets (Orthoptera, Grylloidea, Eneopteridae): an adaptive radiation revealed by phylogenetic analysis.
Structure et evolution du complexe phallique des Gryllidea (Orthopteres) et classification des genres neotropicaux de grylloidea.
Le genre Eidmanacris Chopard, 1956 (Orthoptera, Grylloidea, Phalangopsidae, Luzarinae): habitat, repartition et especes nouvelles.
The systematic position of Schizodactylus reported much controversial: Ramme (1931) and Hubbell (1936) placed it in the subfamily Schizadactylinae of the Gryllacrididae; Ander (1938) established a separate family for the genus, based on studies of the internal anatomy; Imms (1957) also placed the insect in a separate family of Tettigonoidea; Ragge (1957) while describing the polyogenetic origin of Schizadactylinae recommended the correction of the latter with early Grylloidea on the basis of wing morphology.
Suborden Superfamilia Familia Ensifera Grylloidea Gryllidae Tettigonioidea Tettigoniidae Caelifera Acridoidea Acrididae Eumastacoidea Eumastacidae Pamphagoidea Pyrgomorphidae Tetrigoidea Tetrigidae Tridactyloidea Tridactylidae Subfamilia Genero Morfoespecie Eneopterinae Eneoptera Eneoptera sp.
1987 Structure et evolution du complexe phallique des GryUidea (Orthopteres) et classification des genres Neotropieaux de Grylloidea premiere partie.
Structure et evolution du complexe phallique de Gryllidea (Orthopteres) et classification des genres neotropicaux de Grylloidea.
Etude phylogenetique, biogeographique et ecologique des Grylloidea neotropicaux (Insectes, Orthopteres).
Chromosome structure of Eneoptera surinamensis (Orthoptera, Grylloidea, Eneopterinae) as revealed by C, NOR and N banding techniques.
Otte published the first paper volume of OSF in 1994 to cover Grylloidea and subsequently a total of eight volumes to cover all Orthoptera were published by 2000.
New Nemobiine crickets from Guianese and Peruvian Amazonia (Orthoptera, Grylloidea, Trigonidiidae).
1), Izecksohniella de Mello (1), Eidmanacris Chopard (3) (Phalangopsidae); one genus of Mogoplistidae (7) and two genera of an unidentified Grylloidea family (2).