Guadalajara


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Guadalajara

(gwä'thälähä`rä), city (1990 pop. 1,650,042), capital of Jalisco state, SW Mexico, second largest city of Mexico. The metropolitan area includes close to 3 million people. Guadalajara is a beautiful, spacious city on a plain more than 5,000 ft (1,524 m) high and surrounded by mountains. It is a modern commercial metropolis with many picturesque survivals of the Spanish colonial era. The mild, clear, dry climate has made it a popular health resort, and because of its charm it is often called "Perla del Occidente" (Pearl of the West).

Guadalajara is also an important communications and industrial center. Industry is aided by direct rail service to the United States and by a hydroelectric plant utilizing the Juanacatlán falls on the Santiago River. Food processing, the manufacture of xerographic and photographic equipment, plastics, chemicals, electronic products, and motor vehicles are among the leading industries. The region around the city is important for agriculture and livestock raising; some coal is also mined. The most famous products of Guadalajara and its environs are intricately designed and finely worked glassware and pottery.

Founded by Cristóbal de Oñate c.1530, Guadalajara was moved twice, before and during the Mixtón War, because of military pressure by the region's native inhabitants; it was permanently established in 1542, the date chosen as its official founding. Guadalajara became the seat of the audiencia of Nueva GaliciaNueva Galicia
, Spanish colonial administrative region, W Mexico, comprising roughly the present states of Jalisco and Nayarit with S Sinaloa. Conquered (1529–31) by Nuño de Guzmán and later governed by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, the territory was
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. Easily captured in 1810 by Hidalgo y CostillaHidalgo y Costilla, Miguel
, 1753–1811, Mexican priest and revolutionary, a national hero. A creole intellectual, he was influenced by the French Revolution. As parish priest of the village of Dolores, Hidalgo attempted to improve the lot of the natives.
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 during the war against Spain, the city was the center of reform activities. Again in 1858, in the War of Reform, it was briefly occupied by the liberals under Benito Juárez.

The city's notable public buildings include the cathedral, finished in 1618 after more than 50 years of work, and the governor's palace, begun in 1643. The cathedral, which houses B. E. Murillo's The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, has been partially destroyed several times by earthquakes and represents a conglomerate of architectural styles. The governor's palace, with murals by J. C. OrozcoOrozco, José Clemente
, 1883–1949, Mexican muralist, genre painter, and lithographer, grad. Mexican National Agricultural School. He became an architectural draftsman and in 1908 turned to painting. With Diego Rivera he led the renaissance of modern Mexican art.
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, is an excellent example of Spanish colonial architecture. The Univ. of Guadalajara and the Instituto Cultural Cabaña also contain Orozco murals. The ornate Teatro Degollado is modeled on Milan's La Scala.


Guadalajara,

town (1990 pop. 63,572), capital of Guadalajara prov., central Spain, in Castile–La Mancha, on the Henares River. Its economy is mainly agricultural. It flourished as a Roman colony and belonged to the Moors from the 8th to the 11th cent. It is the site of a military airfield

Guadalajara

 

a city in central Spain, in New Castile, on the river Henares (the Tajo basin). Administrative center of Guadalajara Province. Population, 22,800 (1968). Industry is associated mainly with the processing of agricultural products. There is also a motor-building plant.

Guadalajara

1. a city in W Mexico, capital of Jalisco state: the second largest city of Mexico: centre of the Indian slave trade until its abolition, declared here in 1810; two universities (1792 and 1935). Pop.: 3 905 000 (2005 est.)
2. a city in central Spain, in New Castile. Pop.: 70 732 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Part of the "Taste of Triumph" campaign, the Mexican beer brand's sports engagement platform that immerses bicultural Hispanic consumers 21 and older in the sports they love, the first Tecate sponsored match will be Chivas del Guadalajara against Santos Laguna to be held at BBVA Compass Stadium in Houston, TX on March 27, 2015.
Sacramento to Guadalajara service will leave at 23:15 and arrive at 05:00 on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays and depart from Guadalajara at 07:00 on Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays and arrive back in Sacramento at 08:50.
So in the early 1990s, Continental began adding daily flights to the bigger cities, including Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey.
The new Guadalajara site geographically extends West's near-shore contact center solutions, and combines the advantages of lower-cost labor with proven management strength.
Tickets went on sale immediately for the route, which will originate out of Guadalajara three days a week.
Toluca, which won the Apertura last year and figures to contend again this year, knocked off Guadalajara 1-0 -- its coach, Americo Gallego moaned that it wasn't 2-0 or 3-0 -- in the more important match, leaving Chivas three points behind the leaders after the first of 17 league games.
The fact that the occupancy rate in Puerto Vallarta and Guadalajara increased by 16 and 12 percentage points respectively, in just 7 days, is a positive reinforcement that the recovery of the tourism sector in Jalisco is on track.
I was just in downtown Guadalajara last night with a few friends, and I feel perfectly safe and perfectly fine," said Ffrench in an exclusive video interview with MexicoToday.
We're playing the top team in the world today, with the biggest stars,'' said Antonio Cue, president and part-owner of Chivas USA, whose parent club from Guadalajara was the Barcelona sparring partner.
Establishing this state-of-the-art business and technology center in Guadalajara solidifies Freescale's commitment to Latin America and will help us to continue attracting and retaining world-class digital and analog chip talent in the region," said Rich Beyer, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of Freescale.
NYSE: UAL) today announced daily nonstop service between San Francisco International Airport (SFO) and Guadalajara, Mexico (GDL), beginning June 9, 2011, subject to Mexican government approval.
Eidur Gudjohnsen's 74th-minute goal from Ronaldinho's feed clearly was offside -- neither linesman Fabio Tovar nor referee Brian Hall spotted it -- but Diego Martinez forcefully headed home Adolfo ``Bofo'' Bautista's chip nine minutes later to give Guadalajara a share of the spoils.