Guadalcanal


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Related to Guadalcanal: Battle of Midway, Iwo Jima

Guadalcanal

(gwädəlkənăl`), volcanic island (2009 pop. 93,613), c.2,510 sq mi (6,500 sq km), South Pacific, largest of the Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands,
independent Commonwealth nation (2009 pop. 515,870), c.15,500 sq mi (40,150 sq km), SW Pacific, E of New Guinea. The islands that constitute the nation of the Solomon Islands—Guadalcanal, Malaita, New Georgia, the Santa Cruz Islands, Choiseul, Ysabel
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. HoniaraHoniara
, town (2009 pop. 64,609), capital of the Solomon Islands. Located on Guadalcanal in the SW Pacific, Honiara was rebuilt to replace the former capital of Tulaghi at the end of World War II and occupies the site of an important American campaign against the Japanese.
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, capital of the Solomon Islands, is there. The island is largely jungle. Mt. Makarakombou rises to 8,028 ft (2,447 m). There are coconut and oil palm plantations and some gold mining. The inhabitants, mostly Melanesians, live along the coasts. Discovered by English navigators in 1788, Guadalcanal became a British protectorate in 1893. During World War II it was occupied by the Japanese. In Aug., 1942, U.S. forces began their first large-scale invasion of a Japanese-held island; after bitter fighting, it was conquered (Feb., 1943). In 1999, attacks by the Gwale majority caused many of the Malaitan minority to flee their homes; by 2000 the conflict had escalated into battling between ethnic militias in Honiara and the jungle. Points of interest include a museum of Melanesian artifacts and Henderson Field, the main objective of the American invasion.

Guadalcanal

Marines triumphed in first major U.S. offensive of WWII (1942–1943). [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 490]
See: Battle

Guadalcanal

a mountainous island in the SW Pacific, the largest of the Solomon Islands: under British protection until 1978; occupied by the Japanese (1942--43). Pop.: 60 275 (1999). Area: 6475 sq. km (2500 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Goto was unaware of the presence of the American fleet as he steamed toward Guadalcanal.
Even at the time the Guadalcanal invasion was characterized as a "shoestring operation.
In explaining the background to the conflict, Kwa'ioloa emphasises the inherited relationships with Guadalcanal landholders that legitimate the land claims of Malaitan settlers, the authority which clan leaders hold as chiefs to resolve disputes between communities, the importance of political consensus and economic co-operation rather than the competition of winners and losers, and the necessity for conciliation in resolving conflict.
The self-proclaimed ''general'' of the Guadalcanal Liberation Front, who says he is fighting for independence, was accompanied by two of his lieutenants, he said.
The Medal of Honor citation concluded with the notation that Captain Foss' "remarkable flying skill, inspiring leadership, and indomitable fighting spirit were distinctive factors in the defense of strategic American positions on Guadalcanal.
In June, the Solomon Islands' Prime Minister Bartholomew Ulufa'alu resigned after Malaita Eagle Force rebels captured him at gunpoint and took control of the country's capital -- Honiara on Guadalcanal.
The ministry upgraded the advisory for Guadalcanal to level 4 from level 3 on its scale of 5.
They are trying to push the Malaitans back from Guadalcanal to their home island.
DIRECTOR Terrence Malick's eccentric take on James Jones' World War Two novel about the American landing on Guadalcanal is not your average war movie.
Another of the year's most-anticipated releases, Terrence Malick's Guadalcanal drama The Thin Red Line, is likely to deepen those feelings in a generation that derided John Wayne as a camp icon.
I thought he might not recognize the reference, so I said to him, "He was the one who wrote Guadalcanal Diary.
Solomon Airlines, based in Honiara on the island of Guadalcanal, flies to Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea, as well as to 20 locations in the Solomons.