Guadalcanal

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Guadalcanal

(gwädəlkənăl`), volcanic island (2009 pop. 93,613), c.2,510 sq mi (6,500 sq km), South Pacific, largest of the Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands,
independent Commonwealth nation (2009 pop. 515,870), c.15,500 sq mi (40,150 sq km), SW Pacific, E of New Guinea. The islands that constitute the nation of the Solomon Islands—Guadalcanal, Malaita, New Georgia, the Santa Cruz Islands, Choiseul, Ysabel
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. HoniaraHoniara
, town (2009 pop. 64,609), capital of the Solomon Islands. Located on Guadalcanal in the SW Pacific, Honiara was rebuilt to replace the former capital of Tulaghi at the end of World War II and occupies the site of an important American campaign against the Japanese.
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, capital of the Solomon Islands, is there. The island is largely jungle. Mt. Makarakombou rises to 8,028 ft (2,447 m). There are coconut and oil palm plantations and some gold mining. The inhabitants, mostly Melanesians, live along the coasts. Discovered by English navigators in 1788, Guadalcanal became a British protectorate in 1893. During World War II it was occupied by the Japanese. In Aug., 1942, U.S. forces began their first large-scale invasion of a Japanese-held island; after bitter fighting, it was conquered (Feb., 1943). In 1999, attacks by the Gwale majority caused many of the Malaitan minority to flee their homes; by 2000 the conflict had escalated into battling between ethnic militias in Honiara and the jungle. Points of interest include a museum of Melanesian artifacts and Henderson Field, the main objective of the American invasion.

Guadalcanal

Marines triumphed in first major U.S. offensive of WWII (1942–1943). [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 490]
See: Battle

Guadalcanal

a mountainous island in the SW Pacific, the largest of the Solomon Islands: under British protection until 1978; occupied by the Japanese (1942--43). Pop.: 60 275 (1999). Area: 6475 sq. km (2500 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The focus will be the main roads and bridges to the east and west of Honiara which provide vital links between the capital and the rest of Guadalcanal Island.
SPECIAL PROSPECTING LICENSE 187, WEST GUADALCANAL ISLAND
British citizens on Guadalcanal Island were advised to remain calm, stay indoors and observe the curfew.
the "company") is pleased to provide the following update on the company's activities on Special Prospecting License 187, Guadalcanal Island.
Three groups of ships patrolled the western entrance of the sound between Florida and Guadalcanal Islands, where Turner's transports lay at anchor.
The multinational intervention force aims to end the ethnic violence and lawlessness between the people from Malaita and Guadalcanal islands that has almost ruined the impoverished nation of nearly 500,000 over the past five years.