Guadalupe Hidalgo


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Guadalupe Hidalgo

(gwäthälo͞o`pā ēdäl`gō, wä–), shrine, central Mexico, in the Federal District. The basilica of Guadalupe containing the shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe (feast: Dec. 12) is the focal point of the most famous pilgrimage in the Western Hemisphere. According to legend, in 1531 a local Indian peasant, Cuauhtlatoatzin (who later took the name Juan Diego, and was canonized in 2002), reported to Archbishop Zumárraga a series of miraculous visions of the Virgin Mary on the hill of Tepeyacac. At the same time, an image of the Virgin was supposed to have been imprinted on the peasant's cloak. The Spanish prelate attempted to discredit the miraculous claims, but the spot was nevertheless renamed Guadalupe in honor of the shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Spain. To this was added later the name of the revolutionary priest Hidalgo y CostillaHidalgo y Costilla, Miguel
, 1753–1811, Mexican priest and revolutionary, a national hero. A creole intellectual, he was influenced by the French Revolution. As parish priest of the village of Dolores, Hidalgo attempted to improve the lot of the natives.
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, who adopted her banner as his standard. She is the patroness of Mexico, especially beloved by the indigenous population. Although devotions at the site date to the mid-16th cent., many modern scholars doubt that Juan Diego ever existed, because his name is not associated with the shrine before the first mention of him in a 1648 account.

Bibliography

See D. Demarest and C. B. Taylor, ed., Dark Virgin (1956); S. Poole, Our Lady of Guadalupe (1995); D. A. Brading, Mexican Phoenix: Our Lady of Guadalupe (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
Traditional scholarly treatments of the Mexican-American War limit their coverage to the 1846-48 conflict between the United States and the Republic of Mexico that concluded with the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and added over 500,000 square miles of territory to the United States.
After the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in 1848, the place where Mexicanos lived became contested space and land of these subjects were penetrated, conquered, and colonized without the hope of regaining power or agency over land, status, or area.
Senate canceled provisions in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo enumerating those rights.
The Mexican War was in 1846 and 1847, and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the war, was signed in 1948.
Over a 50-year period starting in 1854, Congress directed implementation of the property protection provisions of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in New Mexico for community land grants through two distinct and successive procedures.
After the United States took over the New Mexico territories in 1848 with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Anglo-Americans traveled throughout the region and published accounts of the peoples there.
The first period begins with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, which ended the Mexican-American war.
In California, Kearny arrived from Leavenworth to fight the Battles of San Pascual and San Gabriel and secured the Treaty of Cahuenga well before Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Milestone events include the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, which meant handing over much of Texas, New Mexico, California, Arizona and bits of Utah and Colorado to the United States; the execution of Emperor Maximilian in 1867; the drawing up and signing of Mexico's Constitution in 1916-17 during the Revolution, and the founding in 1929 of the National Revolutionary Party--the Institutional Revolutionary Party's (PRI) predecessor.
San Jose (a California city named after Saint Joseph)--Because the United States obviously stole this land from the Spanish who stole it from the natives (the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and all the money that America paid for the land being obviously nothing like the noble Louisiana Purchase), the name should be changed to Mexicus Correctus--or just plain Mexico.
After the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the war in 1848 and set up the Texas border at the Rio Grande, there remained land disputes.
But the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (GWAH-duhl-oop hih-DAL-goh), signed on February 2, 1848, stopped short of that.