Guanajuato


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Guanajuato,

city (1990 pop. 73,108), capital of Guanajuato state, W central Mexico. The city, with an altitude of c.6,600 ft (2,000 m), is situated in the Cañada de Marfil [ivory ravine], a precipitous ravine encircled by barren hills. Guanajuato has narrow, winding, steep cobblestone streets, sometimes pieced out by stone steps, and the ground underneath is honeycombed with silver-mine shafts. Its geographic position and economic importance as one of Spanish America's chief silver-producing centers gave the city a key role in the wars and revolutions that racked Mexico in the 19th and early 20th cent. Guanajuato has become a resort city. There are several noteworthy colonial churches and buildings, including the Alhóndiga de Granaditas, originally a granary that was besieged and captured (1810) by Hidalgo y Costilla at the outset of the war against Spain.

Guanajuato

(gwänähwä`tō), state (1990 pop. 3,982,593), 11,805 sq mi (30,575 sq km), W central Mexico, on the central plateau. The city of GuanajuatoGuanajuato,
city (1990 pop. 73,108), capital of Guanajuato state, W central Mexico. The city, with an altitude of c.6,600 ft (2,000 m), is situated in the Cañada de Marfil [ivory ravine], a precipitous ravine encircled by barren hills.
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 is the capital. The state's high average elevation (6,000 ft/1,829 m) provides a moderately cool, healthful climate. Guanajuato is crossed in the north by transverse ranges of the Sierra Madre Occidental, some of which reach heights of 11,000 ft (3,353 m). In the south are fertile plains supporting stock raising and the cultivation of wheat, corn, other grain crops, and beans. The Lerma and its tributaries form the chief river system.

Despite the steadily growing importance of agriculture, Guanajuato is noted primarily as Mexico's foremost mining state; much silver and gold is extracted, and mercury, lead, tin, copper, fluorite, and opals are also produced. Industrial products from the cities—Guanajuato, CelayaCelaya
, city (1990 pop. 214,856), Guanajuato state, W central Mexico. In a region watered by the Lerma irrigation works, Celaya is the center of a prosperous corn, cereal, and bean growing area. Cattle raising and the associated dairy industry are also important.
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, LeónLeón,
city (1990 pop. 758,270), Guanajuato state, central Mexico. It is located in a fertile river valley c.5,600 ft (1,700 m) high, but with a mild, temperate climate.
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, and IrapuatoIrapuato
, city (1990 pop. 265,042), Guanajuato state, W central Mexico, on the Irapuato River. It is the commercial and communications center of the surrounding mining and agricultural (cereals and cattle) region.
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—include textiles, saddles and other leather goods, and foodstuffs. Oil refining is also a significant part of the economy.

Joined with Querétaro de Arteaga, the state was a Spanish intendancy until 1824. A leading silver producer of Spanish America, Guanajuato declined in economic importance during the wars of the 19th cent. There has been significant outmigration from the state to the United States in recent years.

Guanajuato

 

a state in Mexico. Area, 30,600 sq km. Population, 2.300,000 (1970). Located on the southern Mexican upland, in the basin of the upper Lerma River. Its administrative center is the city of Guanajuato. It is largely a region of subsistence agriculture (corn and kidney beans). In the basin of the Lerma, centering on Leon, is the commercial agricultural region of Bahio, where corn and wheat are grown and livestock are raised. Industry includes food processing, textiles, and shoes and leather in León and Irapuato and petroleum refining in Salamanca.


Guanajuato

 

a city in the central part of Mexico, administrative center of the state of Guanajuato. Situated in a mountain valley at an altitude of 2,000 m. Population, 31,000 (1963). A branch line connects it with the Mexico City-Torreón railroad line. Guanajuato is an old center of a mining region (gold and silver), which has greatly declined in significance. A food and condiment industry and some others are located in Guanajuato.

Guanajuato

1. a state of central Mexico, on the great central plateau: mountainous in the north, with fertile plains in the south; important mineral resources. Capital: Guanajuato. Pop.: 4 656 761 (2000). Area: 30 588 sq. km (11 810 sq. miles)
2. a city in central Mexico, capital of Guanajuato state: founded in 1554, it became one of the world's richest silver-mining centres. Pop.: 80 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Guanajuato es una ciudad de tamano mediano ubicada en la zona centro-norte de Mexico.
El pleito en el PAN de Guanajuato gravita en la dinamica de 2018, cuando tambien se renovara la gubernatura: desde 1991, cuando la cupula nacional pacto con Carlos Salinas designar como interino a Carlos Medina -arreglo llamado "concertacesion"-, han ganado cuatro elecciones de gobernador, las dos senadurias, es el estado que mas diputados federales gana y es granero electoral clave en la eleccion presidencial, como la de 2006 con Felipe Calderon.
The State Secretary of Tourism of Guanajuato, Fernando Oliver Rocha said through this alliance, we aim at fostering public policies with regard to sustainable tourism practices.
Servicio de Anatomopatologia del Hospital Angeles, Leon, Guanajuato, MX.
La ciudad historica de Guanajuato (1) y las haciendas de beneficio del mineral de plata, asentadas desde su fundacion en 1557 (Rionda, 2013) en los margenes del rio Guanajuato, produjeron una discontinua urbanizacion.
Durante noviembre de 2011 a agosto de 2012 se realizaron registros ocasionales en que se observaron grupos de 10 a 22 individuos de Guacamaya verde en diferentes sitios del Municipio de Xichu, Guanajuato (21[grados] 25' N, 99[grados] 47' W; 21[grados] 24' N, 99[grados] 53' W; Fig.
Es practicamente en la decada de los cincuenta cuando Guanajuato deja atras los escenarios de lucha violenta (cristiada) y de gran inestabilidad politica: desaparicion de poderes hasta en tres ocasiones, un debil sistema de partidos, lucha facciosa dentro del principal partido politico y por varios motivos casi ningun gobernador termina el periodo por el que habia sido electo.
The 12th Rally Guanajuato Corona takes place in central Mexico this weekend and marks the first of six successive gravel rallies that will go a long way to deciding the outcome of the 2015 FIA World Rally Championship.
INSURGENT AND ROYALIST MILITARY STRATEGIES IN THE NORTH OF GUANAJUATO, 1810-1821
E esta bella ciudad esta situada en un pintoresco valle de Mexico, rodeado por las montanas de la Sierra de Guanajuato.