Guayaquil


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Guayaquil

(gwīäkēl`), city (1990 pop. 1,508,444), capital of Guayas prov., W Ecuador, on the Guayas River near its mouth on the Gulf of Guayaquil, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean. The chief port and largest city of Ecuador and one of the best ports along Latin America's Pacific coast, Guayaquil has industries manufacturing textiles, leather goods, cement, alcohol, soap, and iron products. Through its modern harbor are shipped cacao, coffee, and bananas, the principal exports of Ecuador. Between 1970 and 1990 the city's population nearly doubled. Guayaquil was founded by the Spanish conquistador Sebastián de BenalcázarBenalcázar or Belalcázar, Sebastián de
, c.1479–1551, Spanish conquistador. After accompanying Columbus on his third voyage (1498), Benalcázar served in Darién and Nicaragua
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 in 1535. It was often subjected to attacks by buccaneers in the 17th cent. and in the 18th and 19th cent. was destroyed repeatedly by fires. The occupation of the city in 1821 by patriot forces under Antonio José de SucreSucre, Antonio José de
, 1795–1830, South American revolutionist, b. Cumaná, Venezuela. He joined (1811) the forces fighting for independence from Spain and rose to be the chief lieutenant of Simón Bolívar.
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 was the first major step in Ecuador's final liberation from Spain. The fateful meeting between Simón BolívarBolívar, Simón
, 1783–1830, South American revolutionary who led independence wars in the present nations of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
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 and José de San MartínSan Martín, José de
, 1778–1850, South American revolutionist, b. Yapeyú, in present-day Argentina. After service with the Spanish army in Europe, he returned (1812) to join the revolution against Spain in his native country.
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 that was to influence the course of independence in South America took place in Guayaquil in 1822. Because of its hot and humid climate the city was frequently scourged by yellow fever until the sanitation work of the U.S. surgeon-general William C. GorgasGorgas, William Crawford,
1854–1920, American disease and sanitation expert, surgeon general of the United States, b. Mobile, Ala., grad. Bellevue Hospital Medical College, 1879. He served with the U.S. army medical corps after 1880.
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. Guayaquil has several colonial landmarks, including the church of Santo Domingo (16th cent.). It is the seat of three universities and a polytechnic institute.

Guayaquil

 

former name, Santiago de Guayaquil, a city in Ecuador; port on the bank of the Guayas River, which is navigable. 50 km from where it empties into the Gulf of Guayaquil on the Pacific Ocean. Administrative center of Guayas Province. Population, 738,600 (1969). Railroad station (on the line to Quito and the port of Salinas).

Guayaquil has an international airport. In the city there are foundries and machine shops; it has sawmilling, light-industry, and food-industry enterprises (milling of flour, brewing of beer, etc.). More than 90 percent of the country’s imports and some 50 percent of its exports pass through Guayaquil. There is a university in the city.

Founded in 1531 by the Spanish conquistador Sebastián de Benalcazar, Guayaquil was twice demolished in Indian rebellions against Spanish rule and permanently rebuilt in 1541. In 1687 and 1709 it was attacked by English pirates, and in 1587 and 1842 it suffered severely from epidemics of plague and yellow fever. On Oct. 9, 1820. Guayaquil proclaimed its independence, and in July 1822 as part of Quito Province it joined Gran Colombia. Early in the 20th century the city became the center of the country’s workers’ movement. The biggest strikes and mass protests by the toiling people occurred in 1922, 1942–44, 1949–50, and 1966.

Guayaquil

a port in W Ecuador: the largest city in the country and its chief port; university (1867). Pop.: 2 387 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
President Moreno also signed two inter-institutional agreements to carry out a project to restore the port area in Guayaquil, as well as the creation of a technological institute with careers related to commercial and maritime development.
The Guayaquil Express was ordered in 2015, built by Hyundai Samho Heavy Industries in South Korea, and sails between Europe and South America.
Introduction: Guayaquil population has an endemic--epidemic presence of dengue and there are few studies on the historical trend of the factors that influence its behavior.
Esta investigacion presenta la valoracion de los proyectos de vivienda colectiva de produccion estatal proyectados y construidos en Guayaquil en un periodo concreto de la arquitectura moderna (1940-1970), (1) que modificaron la morfologia urbana de la ciudad a escala territorial e introdujeron tipologias edificatorias modernas provenientes de Europa, por primera vez en la ciudad.
IFO 380 prices in Callao and Guayaquil, were assessed at $296/mt delivered and $297/mt delivered, respectively $1 higher from Friday, based on price indications, strong demand and low supplies.
In the largest city Guayaquil - about 190 miles from the epicentre - a bridge was brought down, crushing a car and killing one person.
The pope's visit to Guayaquil takes on special significance for Ecuador, and its leftist President Rafael Correa, given it has been the epicenter of anti-government protests for weeks.
A mi juicio el libro de Manuel Mino se inserta en esta trayectoria pues nos muestra como el cacao guayaquil, que fue parte de la trilogia fundamental de la dieta del mexicano en el periodo colonial, logro llegar a las mesas, gracias al comercio ilegal, mucho antes incluso del quiebre del monopolio comercial.
The only large-scale gas project in Ecuador is the Amistad field, located in the Gulf of Guayaquil, which produces about 25 MCF/day.
El conocimiento de esta historia, dentro de un estudio sobre la Evolucion de la Ingenieria Civil en la ciudad de Guayaquil durante el Siglo XXI, facilitara el desarrollo y planificacion del crecimiento de Guayaquil en el corto y mediano plazo.
7 May 2014 -- Ecuador-based Banco de Guayaquil said it is expanding its transaction migration project and efforts to improve customer service in its partnership with US-based ATM-maker Diebold Inc (NYSE: DBD).
Yanna Hadatty Mora, investigadora equatoriana do Instituto de Investigacoes Filologicas da UNAM e membro da equipe de Archipielago, rende uma sensivel homenagem a seu pai, Juan Hadatty Saltos, falecido em outubro passado, o qual integrou-se a utopia de Archipielago desde 1997, colaborando de multiplas formas com ela desde sua cidade, Guayaquil.