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a city (since 1926), the center of Gudauta Raion, Abkhazian ASSR, on the Black Sea. Railway station 37 km northwest of Sukhumi and 43 km from Gagra. Population, 13,000 (1970).

Gudauta is a marine health resort. It has a humid subtropical climate (somewhat cooler and damper than in Sukhumi) with very mild winters (mean January temperature, 6° C) and very warm summers (mean July temperature, 24° C); annual precipitation is 1,460 mm. The resort offers air and sun baths and sea bathing. Treatment is available for patients with non-tubercular respiratory ailments and nervous, cardiovascular, and metabolic disorders. Facilities include sanatoriums, a resort polyclinic, worker resort homes, hotels, and tourist hostels. The bay on which Gudauta is situated has a gravel beach that turns sandy in its eastern section. The bathing season lasts from mid-May through October.

The city has a tobacco-fermentation plant, a winery, citrus-packing facilities, a machine shop, an automotive repair shop, and a tea factory, and a building-materials plant. G. K. Ordzhonikidze lived in Gudauta in 1905 and carried on his revolutionary work there. A medieval architectural complex is located 4 km from the city in the village of Lykhny: it contains the ruins of a palace, a bell tower, and a cupolaed church (tenth and 11th centuries) with 14th-century frescoes.

References in periodicals archive ?
Protesters even occupied government and television buildings, forcing President Ankvab to take shelter in the Russian base located in Gudauta.
grenade launcher on his house in the Lykhry settlement of the Gudauta district.
6) The MiG-29 took off from the Gudauta military base in Abkhazia which, according to repeated Russian claims, was "closed" several years ago.
He said that radar had shown the aircraft took off from the Abkhazian town of Gudauta, the former site of a Russian military base.
While three of Russia's four major bases in Georgia have been closed, or are nearly closed two under a 2005 agreement dealing with Akhalkalaki and Batumi a small number of Russian personnel and supplies remain at the Gudauta base, in the separatist Abkhazia region of Georgia.
in [the] early 90s, first through an intensive delivery of arms to conflicting sides, and later through direct participation of its military personnel serving in Gudauta military base in military actions against Georgia.
Russia only partially met a July 1, 2001, deadline, managing to close its Georgian base at Vaziani but leaving several hundred troops at the Gudauta facility in disputed Abkhazia.
But it still has 300 troops in a base in Gudauta, in breakaway Abkhazia, and 1,250 troops in Moldova's separatist Transdniestria.
A dispute erupts over second base at Gudauta which Russia is also due to close.
There are four bases in Georgia which the Russians are loath to part with: Akhalkalaki on the southern border with Turkey, Batumi on the Black Sea, Gudauta (Abkhazia), and Vaziani near the capital, Tbilisi.
From this point of view, the biggest advantage Abkhazia would offer Russia, apart from quick connection to the Mediterranean and beyond, is the all-seasons operability of its ports Sokhumi, Gagra, Gudauta, Pitsunda and Ochamchira--due to its mild subtropical climate.