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(both: gĕl`dərlənd), or


(gĕl`dərz), province (1994 pop. 1,851,400), c.1,940 sq mi (5,000 sq km), E central Netherlands. It borders on Germany in the east. ArnhemArnhem
, Ger. Arnheim, city (1994 pop. 133,670), capital of Gelderland prov., E Netherlands, a port on the Lower Rhine. It is an industrial, transportation, and tourist center. Textiles, electrical equipment, metal goods, and ships are manufactured.
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, the capital, as well as NijmegenNijmegen
, city (1994 pop. 147,018), Gelderland prov., E Netherlands, on the Waal River, near the German border. It is a rail and water transportation point and an industrial center. Its manufactures include metal products, paper, clothing, and soap.
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 and ApeldoornApeldoorn
, city (1994 pop. 149,449), Gelderland prov., central Netherlands. It has a variety of manufactures, including paper. The city is a transportation center and attracts many tourists.
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 are the chief cities. Largely an agricultural region, it is drained by the IJssel River and by the Lower Rhine and Waal rivers, which enclose the Betuwe, a fertile agricultural lowland in the southwest. The Veluwe, west of the IJssel, is an uncultivated, hilly heathland that is popular as a resort area. The region is also used as a military headquarters. The duchy of Gelderland was conquered (1473) by Charles the Bold of Burgundy, after whose death (1477) it regained its independence. It passed to the House of Hapsburg in 1543 and joined (1579) the Union of Utrecht of the Netherlands against Spain. Part of Gelderland, including Geldern, the ducal capital, was ceded (1715) by the Netherlands to Prussia.


, Guelderland
a province of the E Netherlands: formerly a duchy, belonging successively to several different European powers. Capital: Arnhem. Pop.: 1 960 000 (2003 est.). Area: 5014 sq. km (1955 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
If copying the chansonnier was indeed begun at about this time, as seems very likely, Charles, Duke of Guelders, or perhaps his wife Elisabeth of Braunschweig-Luneburg, would be the most likely candidate to have commissioned it.
Estas vinculaciones de algunos elementos del Retablo de San Jorge del Centenar de la Ploma ya se habian puesto de manifiesto, pero sobre todo lo relacionaban con el ambiente bohemio que pudo haber conocido Margal de Sas, pero en este caso se enlaza con piezas del circulo de la corte francesa, un rico ambiente que pudo haber conocido Johan Utuvert en su viaje hacia el sur, y con los que los territorios holandeses presentan conexiones, como se ha establecido con las composiciones de los manuscritos de la Biblia Moralizada de los hermanos Limbourg, o el Libro de Horas de Maria de Guelders.
Book illumination and panel painting in the Guelders region.
Once all of these men were in power, William of Ryckel was an ally and occasional arbitrator for Henry of Guelders, while William of Holland and Henry of Guelders remained mutual supporters in all things martial and civil.
This is a family from the duchy of Guelders (around Nijmegen).
Given her status as a prospective Habsburg bride, Charles took control of Catherine as a pawn for his marital plans: at one point she had been promised by her grandfather, emperor Maximilian I, to the elector of Brandenburg, and at another point by her brother to the duke of Guelders.
Incidentally, we are now in a position to appreciate a passage in Erasmus' correspondence which refers to the duke of Guelders and to a humanist from the same territory, Gerard Geldenhouwer of Nijmegen.
Though local loyalties were strong in sixteenth-century England, it is hard to imagine English counties seceding from the kingdom as a number of the Burgundian territories did, not least because there was nowhere else to go, no king of France as ancient overlord to whom the Picards might turn, no recently dispossessed native house to restore as the people of Guelders did.
Although in this case, it was possible to come a long way with rational arguments, the parties had been unable to settle the matter themselves and had asked officials from the provincial Court of Guelders to arbitrate.
Letters from the Portuguese feitores at the Feitoria de Flandres repeatedly complain of how the Franco-Habsburg conflict disrupted the circulation of Portuguese spice consignments, and how merchant convoys were seized during the troubles over the Duchy of Guelders and held to ransom.
He is able to link the patronage of string players with the Duchess, rather than the Duke, of Guelders, and of lute pairs with two other duchesses, but does not identify any noble or burgher women as performers.