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(gwĕrchē`nō), 1591–1666, Italian painter whose original name was Giovanni Francesco Barbieri, b. near Bologna. He studied with Ludovico CarracciCarracci
, family of Italian painters of the Bolognese school, founders of an important academy of painting. Lodovico Carracci, 1555–1619, a pupil of Tintoretto in Venice, was influenced by Correggio and Titian. He also studied in Bologna, Padua, and Parma.
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. Extremely skillful, prolific, and quick to finish his work, he was known for his frescoes, altarpieces, oils, and drawings. Between 1621 and 1623 he was in Rome, where he painted the Baroque ceiling frescos (Aurora) of the Casino Ludovisi and his superb Burial of St. Petronilla (Capitoline Mus., Rome). The classicist tendencies prevalent in Rome caused him to alter his style so that he never equaled the dramatic intensity of his early work. An extensive collection of his drawings is in the Royal Library at Windsor and other examples of his work are included in such major collections as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Hermitage, and the Getty Museum.


See D. Mahon, Studies in Seicento Art and Theory (1947); J. Brooks, Guercino: Mind to Paper (2006); S. Prasad, Guercino: Stylistic Evolution in Focus (2006).



(pseudonym of Giovanni Francesco Barbieri). Baptized Feb. 8, 1591, in Cento, Emilia-Romagna Province; died Dec. 22, 1666, in Bologna. Italian painter of the Bologna school.

Guercino studied in Cento and was influenced by L. Car-racci, Caravaggio, the Venetian artists, and G. Reni. He worked primarily in Cento and Bologna, but also in Venice (1618), Ferrara (1619), Rome (1621-23), Piacenza (1626-27), and Modena (1633-34). From 1642 he headed the Bologna Academy. In his best works, painted during 1610-20 (frescoes in the Casino Ludovisi, Rome, 1621; The Burial of St. Petronilla, 1621, the Capitoline Museum, Rome; The Ascension of the Madonna, 1623, the Hermitage, Leningrad), Guercino sought to combine a lifelike quality, dramatic emotional images, compositional dynamism, and sharp contrasts of light and shade with the splendid decorative manner of Carracci and with baroque effects. Guercino unequivocally adopted the academic style in the late 1620’s.


Grimaldi, N. II Guercino. Bologna, 1968.
II Guercino: Catalogo critico dei dipinti. Bologna, 1968.
References in classic literature ?
Sage, Reading' (a specially oily old gentleman in a blanket, with a swan's-down tippet for a beard, and a web of cracks all over him like rich pie-crust), to be a fine Guercino.
Caravaggio was probably the only 17th-century Italian painter who was well known in France at the time, and to a lesser extent Guido Reni and Guercino,' Pizzi explains.
Walk in and you can see it all still, the first gallery of the museum, just to the right of the entrance, the giant, dramatic, luminous Rubens cartoons--"Look here, we must buy those pictures"--and then room after room of paintings from Europe from the Middle Ages to the 1800s, Italian and French Baroque, masterpieces by Anthony Van Dyck, Titian, Tintoretto, Paolo Veronese, Diego Velazquez, El Greco, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Guercino, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Benedetto Gennari, Pietro da Cortona, and the interiors of whole regal rooms from the old Astor mansion from Gilded Age Manhattan, all of this housed in a museum design in a style that manages to mix the Italian Renaissance and Ringling's Florida, the U-shaped structure, the open courtyard.
But Federico called in experts who found he had bought a 1630s painting by Italian master Guercino.
so Guercino Cento FE as a result of seismic events of May 2012, in compliance with the requirements of Ordinance no.
Noteworthy are the pages (37-42) dedicated to the engraving, after the design of Daniel Antonio Bertoli, based (as is strangely claimed by Collaltino's descendant in the 1738 edition), on a painting by Guercino (born in 1591) and its relationship to the latter's lost painting "La Poesia" as well as to the anonymous painting/copy "La Musica," in which the female figure rests the elbow of her raised left arm on a volume clearly marked "Virgilius.
In it he describes the painting of an angel by Guercino, then recounts how he and his wife were so moved by its beauty that he wrote the poem in response, which he is now sending to a friend far away:
Show of drawings by artists including Guercino, Rubens and Tintoretto, until May 2, 2011, Mark Anstee: Removed and Destroyed Without Warning (The Bluecoat, School Lane) until March 27, 2011.
The study examines acclaimed works by Caravaggio, Guercino, and Guido Reni, but also altarpieces that no longer garner the attention and aesthetic appreciation they enjoyed immediately after their unveilings.
It is, however, possible to find additional subsequent oblique references to Anguillara's text--such as the two versions of Apollo Flaying Marsyas by the seventeenth-century painters Domenichino and Guercino.
A folio of 18th and 19th Century genre and topographical prints by or after Bartolozzi, Guercino, Turner and other artists also sold well at pounds 1,350.
The objects to go under the hammer include masterpiece King David, by Baroque artist Il Guercino, which is expected to raise 5 million pounds to 8 million pounds.