The guerillas contend that the disadvantaged tribal groups are being forced to relocate without adequate compensation and then become unskilled contract workers in a new economic system - which further increases their insecurity and severely threatens their traditional ways of life.
State support for industrial activities then results in the government apparatus and its employees becoming targets for the guerillas.
Even tribal groups are targeted if the guerillas deem that they have worked with the government and businesses.
It is no surprise that the highly focused guerillas are able to outmaneuver the government's paramilitary forces.
In general, the impact of guerilla
pressure, added to the instability that has resulted from the spread of armed conflicts throughout the country, has had significant effects on Colombia's economy.
If anything, American actions have reinforced this bias" by, for instance, providing the Salvadorans with sophisticated hardware that is useless against the hit-and-run tactics of the guerillas.
Classic counterinsurgency doctrine, for instance, calls for separating the guerillas from the people--draining the "sea" in which the fish swim.
Thanks to the American advisers' "conventional mindset," he writes, ARVN "was not trained for the guerilla war burgeoning within its own boundaries.
To their credit, people like Hackworth and the four lieutenant colonels recognize that guerilla wars must be waged as much in the political and economic sphere as on the battlefield.