Guernica


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Guernica

(gārnē`kä), historic town (1990 pop. 16,422), Vizcaya prov., N Spain, in the Basque region. It has metallurgical, furniture, and food manufacturers, and some tourism. The oak of Guernica, under which the diet of Vizcaya used to meet, is a symbol of the lost liberties of the Basques. In Apr., 1937, German planes, aiding the insurgents in the Spanish civil war, bombed and destroyed Guernica. The indiscriminate killing of women and children aroused world opinion, and the bombing of Guernica became a symbol of fascist brutality. The event inspired one of Picasso's most celebrated paintings. Guernica is also called Guernica y Luno.

Guernica

 

Guernica y Luno, city in northern Spain, in the Basque country (Biscay Province). Population, approximately 5,000. Located in the Cantabrian Mountains in the Mundaca valley.

Guernica is an ancient center of Basque culture. During the Civil War and the Italo-German intervention of 1936-39, Guernica was subjected to a lengthy and devastating bombardment by German aircraft. The barbarous destruction of the ancient city aroused the indignation of progressive people throughout the world. Picasso’s painting, Guernica (1937), is devoted to that event.

Guernica

bombing of Guernica (1937); memorialized by Picasso’s painting. [Span. Hist.: NCE, 1158; Art Hist.: Osborne, 867]

Guernica

painting by Picasso depicting horror of war. [Art: Osborne, 866–867]
See: War

Guernica

a town in N Spain: formerly the seat of a Basque parliament; destroyed in 1937 by German bombers during the Spanish Civil War, an event depicted in one of Picasso's most famous paintings. Pop.: 15 454 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet Dillenberger studies in detail those pictures he created using religious material, stressing the religious world that he would have experienced as a boy, some very early works with religious themes (a striking First Communion among them), the profound experiences of losing a sister and, later, a close friend which found quasi-religious expression in his work, a number of crucifixions (mainly drawings, but including the remarkable 1930 Crucifixion), the Man with a Lamb bronze of 1944 (clearly a 'good shepherd'), his paintings for the chapel at Vallauris, the pervasive presence of religious themes in Guernica, and finally, fascinatingly, a chapter on Picasso's use of pagan religious elements in bull-fighting that in a number of 1959 drawings are assimilated to crucifixion imagery.
3), on loan from the Tate, along with a display case of souvenirs from the successful tour of English galleries which Guernica went on in 1938.
For Clark, Guernica sums up the tension between the private space of the bourgeoisie and the public space of the new mass society.
In 1937, while Palestine was under a British mandate and Israel was not yet a new nation, Adolf Hitler's Condor Legion, using the Spanish Civil War as a testing ground, experimented with its new weaponry and blitzkrieg techniques on the residents of the historic Basque town of Guernica.
Guernica was hit by German and Italian bombers on April 26, 1937.
Culture: The 'Golden Triangle or Art' comprising of the Prado Museum, containing works by Velazquez and Goya, the Thyssen-Bornemisza and the Reina Sofia Museum, home to Picasso's Guernica.
The book launched by the Palestinian Monitor was named 'Palestine's Guernica' after the massacre committed by the Fascists led by Franco in 1937, in the town of Guernica in the Basque, which killed hundreds of civilians by aerial bombardment, in a manner similar to what happened in the Gaza Strip, where the objective was not only to kill the massacre of civilians, but also to kill the human spirit and the spirit of resistance in the Palestinian people.
Michael Archer for Guernica Guernica: You've said that this film, in a sense, has been with you since you were fourteen years old.
Those clued in to Picasso would know his masterpiece titled Guernica , an oil on canvas painted by him to portray German bombing of the town named Guernica in the Basque country during the Spanish Civil War in 1937.
Bombed Mary' to visit Guernica, Vatican with Nagasaki priests
99) 10 Guernica by Dave Boling (Macmillan, pounds 7.
Nobody should compare the atrocity of Guernica to Gori or the Russian offensive to the German dive bombers, but the silence of the West is just as deafening.