Guibert de Nogent

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Guibert de Nogent

 

(Guibertus). Born 1053 in Clermont; died about 1124 in Nogent. French chronicler. Abbot of the monastery in Nogent (beginning in 1104).

Guibert de Nogent is the author of a chronicle about the First Crusade (1096-99) that contains features new to medieval historiography. It expresses national feeling in its praise of the exploits of Frenchmen, and there are elements of a critical attitude toward sources in its attempts to distinguish between actual facts and devout fantasies. Guibert de Nogent’s memoirs (About My Life) give a realistic picture of life in French feudal society.

WORKS

“Gesta dei per Francos.” In J. P. Migne, Patrología Latina, vol. 156.
“De pignoribus sanctorum … .”
Ibid. The Memoirs. … New York, 1970.

REFERENCES

Vainshtein, O. L. Zapadnoevropeiskaia srednevekovaia istoriografiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964. Pages 149-51.
Zaborov, M. A. Vvedenie v istoriografiiu krestovykh pokhodov. Moscow, 1966. (See Index.)

M. A. ZABOROV

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The topics include Guibert of Nogent and William of Flay and the problem of Jewish conversion at the time of the First Crusade, the commentary of Rashi on Isaiah and the Jewish-Christian debate, Jewish knowledge of Christianity during the 12th and 13th centuries, dreams as a determinant of Jewish law and practice in northern Europe during the high middle ages, the Jewish cemeteries of France after the expulsion of 1306, and tales and ideas of Jewish martyrdom in Shevet Yehudah.
Kruger then turns to a text of Guibert of Nogent (circa 1060-1125) and shows how Guibert uses representations of Jews to help develop a sense of Christian identity and Christian society.
Beginning, more or less, with Augustine's self-representation in the Confessions (with occasional glances backwards at Seneca and Marcus Aurelius, among others), Stock proceeds to examine the resonances of Augustinian notions of the relationship of self-knowledge, reading, and writing in later European thinkers such as Abelard, Guibert of Nogent, Christina of Markyate, Petrarch, More, and others.
Guibert of Nogent recounts that "at Rouen one day, some men who had taken the cross with the intention of leaving for the crusade began complaining among themselves.
Eadmer's sense of affront at the purported efforts of William Rufus on behalf of the Jewish father corresponds, in some way, to the sense of elation Guibert of Nogent expresses in his description of one Jewish boy saved during the massacre of Jews at Rouen that I mentioned previously.
Archambault, A Monk's Confession: The Memoirs of Guibert of Nogent (University Park, Penn.
Like His Famous contemporary Peter Abelard, the Benedictine abbot Guibert of Nogent (c.