Francesco Guicciardini

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Francesco Guicciardini
BirthplaceFlorence, Republic of Florence
Historian, statesman

Guicciardini, Francesco


Born Mar. 6, 1483, in Florence; died May 22, 1540, in Arcetri. Italian historian, humanist philosopher, and statesman. From 1511 to 1514 ambassador of Florence in Spain and from 1516 to 1534 successively papal governor in Modena, Romagna, and Bologna.

In the History of Italy (written in 1537-40), Guicciardini presented the history not of the separate Italian states but of the entire country as a whole, and he advocated the national and state unification of Italy. The basic propellant of history he held to be the selfish motivations of individuals. Being an ideologist of the early bourgeoisie, he developed an ethical doctrine of advantage as the basis of mutual utility; believing in the necessity of adapting to circumstances, he considered the use of any means entirely admissible for the attainment of political ends, and he was guided by this principle in his actions. Guicciardini was a partisan of oligarchic-republican rule and an adversary of popular participation in government (Dialogue on the Governing of Florence, written in 1525). He argued for the comprehensive development of the individual, who, as he saw it, found himself surrounded by constant cyclical social change. He was an opponent of astrology; in his works he criticized monastic hypocrisy, the papacy, and the church and offered a scheme for replacing religion with mutual relations of neighborly advantage (Political and Civil Notes, written in 1525-29, carefully concealed by him, and published in 1576).


Opere. Milan-Naples [1953].
Carteggi … , vols. 1-13. Milan, 1938-68.
In Russian translation:
Soch. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.


Samarkin, V. V. “K voprosu o formirovanii politicheskikh vzgliadov F. Gvichchardini.” Vestnik Moscovskogo un-ta, 1960, no. 5, series 9, Iistoricheskie nauki.
Rutenburg, V. I. “Gvichchardini.” In the collection Ital’ianskoe Vozrozhdenie. [Leningrad] 1966.


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References in classic literature ?
And the like was done by that league (which Guicciardini saith was the security of Italy) made between Ferdinando King of Naples, Lorenzius Medici, and Ludovicus Sforza, potentates, the one of Florence, the other of Milan.
I was behind and fell farther behind after Peter went to Florence, met Conte Guicciardini and wrote Francesco Guicciardini (Boston: Twayne, 1976, 160 pp.
Lodovico Guicciardini, Descrittione di tutti i paesi bassi, Antwerp, 1567, p.
More space is given to his counterpart, the historian Francesco Guicciardini, who is seen mainly as a "spokesman" for the pro-Medici members of the office-holding class (130).
Guicciardini used this appellation in reference to Machiavelli's views on religion, which were instrumental rather than theological, but there is also a sense that Machiavelli perceived the world just a bit differently from those around him.
The company is owned by Luca Guicciardini Corsi Salviati, who also produces milk under the brand name of 'Latte Maremma'.
24) Butterfield makes the point that Guicciardini was the more insightful historian because, compared with Machiavelli, Guicciardini was actually interested in the past for its own sake.
55); a further broadening consideration of historiography in Milan 1400-1540, covering in particular Guicciardini (Jane Black); an examination of Brunis constitutional ideas, concluding 'Only a popular regime like the Florentine one can guarantee the kind of freedom that emerges when no citizen has a superior he must fear and obey; when there is a government of laws and not of men' (James Hankins, p.
Azoulay va pasando revista a las opiniones de un numero muy variado de autores como Guillaume Bude (1467-1520), Nicolas Maquiavelo (1469-1527), Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540), Carlo Sigonio (1520-1584), Jean Bodin (ca.
Italian historian Francesco Guicciardini rightly observed that the inhabitants of Pisa, tired of Florentine rule, preferred to sacrifice their wealth and lives (both men and women fought in the war against Florence), rather than be subjugated by Florence again.
In contrast to this German view, the next four contributions deal with the situation in northern Italy: Elisabeth Stein identifies ancient models in Paolo Giovio's battle descriptions in his Historiaesui temporis (151-67), Igor Melani examines the social role of the "model historian" Francesco Guicciardini (169-207), and Patrick Baker uncovers with the almost forgotten dialogue De Latinae linguae reparatione of Marcantonio Sabellico a contemporary history of Renaissance Latin (209-40).