guinea fowl

(redirected from Guineafowl)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

guinea fowl

(gĭn`ē), common name for any of the seven species of gallinaceous birds of the family Numididae, native to Africa and Madagascar. The helmeted guinea fowl, Numida meleagris, from which the domesticated strains are descended, is typical of the family, with its bare head and neck, sleek body, smooth dark feathers dotted with white, and short tail. It is named for its bony casque. Guinea fowls are raised, mainly for their gamey flesh, in many parts of the world. Of the three domestic varieties (the pearl, the white, and the lavender), the purplish-gray colored pearl is the most common. The largest member of the family is the 24-in. (60-cm) vulturine guinea fowl, Acryllium vulturinum, found in tropical E Africa. Guinea fowls are extremely good runners and use this method, rather than flying, to escape predators. Guinea fowls are known to have been domesticated by the ancient Greeks and Romans. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Numididae.

guinea fowl

[′gin·ē ‚fau̇l]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for plump African game birds composing the family Numididae; individuals have few feathers on the head and neck, but may have a crest of feathers and various fleshy appendages.

guinea fowl

, guinea
any gallinaceous bird, esp Numida meleagris, of the family Numididae of Africa and SW Asia, having a dark plumage mottled with white, a naked head and neck, and a heavy rounded body
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers said: "These results show that chicken embryos can develop to hatch in duck, guineafowl and turkey egg whites.
Where else will you find somewhere to store your shooting irons safely under lock and key while you dine on a gourmet guineafowl dish at the same time as the bar meal menu confidently boasts Heinz tomato soup with dunking bread for the kids?
Pheasants, partridges, and grouse: a guide to the pheasants, partridges, quails, grouse, guineafowl, buttonquails, and sandgrouse of the world.
On the menu: Terrine of duck confit, roast breast of guineafowl with bubble and squeak, mascarpone and amaretto mousse.
It was comforting to learn that she, too, has had her fair share of hens turning out to be cockerels, ducks that were really drakes, and even guineafowl which managed to disguise their sexuality.