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musical instrument related to the lutelute,
musical instrument that has a half-pear-shaped body, a fretted neck, and a variable number of strings, which are plucked with the fingers. The long lute, with its neck much longer than its body, seems to have been older than the short lute, existing very early in the
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, modern guitars normally having six strings that are plucked with the fingers or strummed with a pick. Earlier versions had pairs of strings like the lute. The guitar usually has a flat back, sides that curve inward to form a waist, and a fretted neck. Other forms of the guitar include the 12-stringed guitar; the steel guitar, played with a metal bar to produce a sliding tone; the electric guitar; and the 4-stringed bass guitar, which, like the electric guitar, is a fixture of rock musicrock music,
type of music originating in the United States in the mid-1950s and increasingly popular throughout much of the world. Origins of Rock

Essentially hybrid in origin, rock music includes elements of several black and white American music styles: black
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 and is electronically amplified.

The traditional classical, as opposed to electric guitar, appeared as early as the 12th cent. in Spain, the country with which it is particularly associated. It was very popular there in the 16th cent., when much music was written for it. The composer Fernando Sor (1778–1839) was a brilliant guitarist who wrote many important works for that instrument. In the late 19th cent. there was revived interest in the guitar, aroused largely by the playing of Francisco Tárrega (1852–1909), one of the greatest guitar players of all time. Andrés SegoviaSegovia, Andrés
, 1893–1987, Spanish guitarist. Segovia studied at the Granada Musical Institute. He is famous for his transcriptions of early contrapuntal music, which have shown the possibilities of the guitar as a concert instrument.
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 was one of the foremost contemporary classical guitarists; he did much to stimulate interest in the instrument and its repertory, especially in 16th-century music.


See H. Turnbull, The Guitar from the Renaissance to the Present (1974); J. Tyler, The Early Guitar (1980); T. Wheeler, American Guitars (1982).



a plucked stringed instrument. It consists of a body with a narrow waist and flat soundboards, the upper one with a circular sound hole in its center; a neck holding a fretted finger board; and a head with tuning pegs. Originally, gut strings were used, but later those made of metal and nylon gained acceptance.

A guitar with four courses of paired strings was well known in 13th-century Spain. In the 17th century, a guitar with five courses, known as the Spanish guitar, gained acceptance in Italy and other European countries and in America. In Europe the instrument became very popular in the middle of the 18th century. At this time the guitar with five courses of strings began to be replaced by one with six single strings, which was tuned by fourths and thirds. In Russia, and to some extent in Poland, a seven-stringed guitar tuned by thirds (known as the Russian guitar) gained currency. Guitars with more strings were also produced. (Bass strings were added.)

Used mainly to provide accompaniment for singing, the instrument is also employed in chamber groups and solo work. It has become a folk instrument in several countries. N. Paganini wrote for the guitar, as did several outstanding 20th-century composers, including M. de Falla and H. Villa-Lobos. Prominent foreign guitarists are M. Giuliani (Italy); F. Sor, F. Tarrega, and A. Segovia (Spain); and M. L. Anido (Argentina). A. O. Sikhra, M. T. Vysotskii, M. D. Sokolovskii, and A. M. Ivanov-Kramskoi are outstanding Russian guitarists. The solo concert performances of guitar virtuosos are very successful.

Special guitar instruments that appeared in the 20th century are the Hawaiian and orchestral, or jazz, guitars. The Hawaiian guitar is held flat in the lap, and the sound is produced through use of a special plectrum and by pressing the strings against the fingerboard with a metal bar. The orchestral, or jazz, guitar has f holes, as does a violin, and it is also played with a plectrum.


Ivanov, M. Russkaia semistrunnaia gitara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Vol’man, B. Gitara v Rossii. Leningrad, 1961.
Vol’man, B. Gitara i gitaristy. Leningrad, 1968.
Buek, F. Die Gitarre und ihre Meister, 3rd ed. Berlin [1952].
Pujol, E. La guitarra y su historia. Buenos Aires [1932].
Powrozniak, J. Gitara od A do Z. [Kraków, 1966.]



Music a plucked stringed instrument originating in Spain, usually having six strings, a flat sounding board with a circular sound hole in the centre, a flat back, and a fretted fingerboard. Range: more than three octaves upwards from E on the first leger line below the bass staff
References in periodicals archive ?
Hudgens, 20, said that with her fingers being so small, she ended up bandaging them after each guitar lesson.
Many guitar lesson sites are cluttered and it can be difficult to find exactly what you're looking for, which leads to frustration," said Jeff Schroedl, vice president Pop & Standard Publications at Hal Leonard Corp.
To make the fantasy complete, Michelle Branch will provide Amy with an autographed guitar followed by a one-on-one guitar lesson in addition to a $1,500 shopping spree from Wet Seal.
Multi-platinum recording artists Journey will auction off rare, signed memorabilia including guitars, drum heads, and a platinum Greatest Hits record as well as once-in-a-lifetime opportunities to meet, dine with, interview and even receive a personal guitar lesson from legendary Journey Guitarist Neal Schon as a part of their commitment to raise funds for victims of Tropical Storm Allison in the greater Houston area.
As the auction site continues to expand, ARTISTdirect plans to offer interactive experiences for bidders, such as the opportunity to win a guitar lesson with a guitar hero, to be a roadie for a day, or special access to photograph a show.
com elements will include: never-before-seen, streamed video of 'NSYNC; an exclusive live chat with Hanson; a private guitar lesson from legendary AC/DC guitarist Angus Young, which will have been auctioned off via eBay; the debut of an interactive music video directed by the Smashing Pumpkins' Billy Corgan; and more.
Other prizes include: the chance to participate in a special album premiere party; 20 autographed numbered/limited edition posters; the first 10 places in line for the band's live appearance in Times Square; a front row seat at the taping of an AC/DC live TV performance; and the grand prize of a personal guitar lesson from Angus Young.
Perez have released 11 CDs and books and has delivered educational productions through online guitar lessons playing different melodies such as classical and flamenco, African, Hawaiian, Kika kKila (steel guitar).
When I was 8, I took acoustic guitar lessons in band club back in grade school.
Lyras, also from Nicosia, is a guitar teacher at Guitar Lessons Nicosia and studied guitar at the Birmingham Conservatoire.
After beginning guitar lessons at seven, Kellimarie joined the Coventry Youth Operatic Group aged eight.
Bob Blowes, 75, went to his local music shop in 1962 after deciding to take up guitar lessons.