(redirected from Guitariste)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


musical instrument related to the lutelute,
musical instrument that has a half-pear-shaped body, a fretted neck, and a variable number of strings, which are plucked with the fingers. The long lute, with its neck much longer than its body, seems to have been older than the short lute, existing very early in the
..... Click the link for more information.
, modern guitars normally having six strings that are plucked with the fingers or strummed with a pick. Earlier versions had pairs of strings like the lute. The guitar usually has a flat back, sides that curve inward to form a waist, and a fretted neck. Other forms of the guitar include the 12-stringed guitar; the steel guitar, played with a metal bar to produce a sliding tone; the electric guitar; and the 4-stringed bass guitar, which, like the electric guitar, is a fixture of rock musicrock music,
type of music originating in the United States in the mid-1950s and increasingly popular throughout much of the world. Origins of Rock

Essentially hybrid in origin, rock music includes elements of several black and white American music styles: black
..... Click the link for more information.
 and is electronically amplified.

The traditional classical, as opposed to electric guitar, appeared as early as the 12th cent. in Spain, the country with which it is particularly associated. It was very popular there in the 16th cent., when much music was written for it. The composer Fernando Sor (1778–1839) was a brilliant guitarist who wrote many important works for that instrument. In the late 19th cent. there was revived interest in the guitar, aroused largely by the playing of Francisco Tárrega (1852–1909), one of the greatest guitar players of all time. Andrés SegoviaSegovia, Andrés
, 1893–1987, Spanish guitarist. Segovia studied at the Granada Musical Institute. He is famous for his transcriptions of early contrapuntal music, which have shown the possibilities of the guitar as a concert instrument.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was one of the foremost contemporary classical guitarists; he did much to stimulate interest in the instrument and its repertory, especially in 16th-century music.


See H. Turnbull, The Guitar from the Renaissance to the Present (1974); J. Tyler, The Early Guitar (1980); T. Wheeler, American Guitars (1982).



a plucked stringed instrument. It consists of a body with a narrow waist and flat soundboards, the upper one with a circular sound hole in its center; a neck holding a fretted finger board; and a head with tuning pegs. Originally, gut strings were used, but later those made of metal and nylon gained acceptance.

A guitar with four courses of paired strings was well known in 13th-century Spain. In the 17th century, a guitar with five courses, known as the Spanish guitar, gained acceptance in Italy and other European countries and in America. In Europe the instrument became very popular in the middle of the 18th century. At this time the guitar with five courses of strings began to be replaced by one with six single strings, which was tuned by fourths and thirds. In Russia, and to some extent in Poland, a seven-stringed guitar tuned by thirds (known as the Russian guitar) gained currency. Guitars with more strings were also produced. (Bass strings were added.)

Used mainly to provide accompaniment for singing, the instrument is also employed in chamber groups and solo work. It has become a folk instrument in several countries. N. Paganini wrote for the guitar, as did several outstanding 20th-century composers, including M. de Falla and H. Villa-Lobos. Prominent foreign guitarists are M. Giuliani (Italy); F. Sor, F. Tarrega, and A. Segovia (Spain); and M. L. Anido (Argentina). A. O. Sikhra, M. T. Vysotskii, M. D. Sokolovskii, and A. M. Ivanov-Kramskoi are outstanding Russian guitarists. The solo concert performances of guitar virtuosos are very successful.

Special guitar instruments that appeared in the 20th century are the Hawaiian and orchestral, or jazz, guitars. The Hawaiian guitar is held flat in the lap, and the sound is produced through use of a special plectrum and by pressing the strings against the fingerboard with a metal bar. The orchestral, or jazz, guitar has f holes, as does a violin, and it is also played with a plectrum.


Ivanov, M. Russkaia semistrunnaia gitara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Vol’man, B. Gitara v Rossii. Leningrad, 1961.
Vol’man, B. Gitara i gitaristy. Leningrad, 1968.
Buek, F. Die Gitarre und ihre Meister, 3rd ed. Berlin [1952].
Pujol, E. La guitarra y su historia. Buenos Aires [1932].
Powrozniak, J. Gitara od A do Z. [Kraków, 1966.]



Music a plucked stringed instrument originating in Spain, usually having six strings, a flat sounding board with a circular sound hole in the centre, a flat back, and a fretted fingerboard. Range: more than three octaves upwards from E on the first leger line below the bass staff
References in periodicals archive ?
Il n'est pas seulement rappeur, il est chanteur et danseur [beaucoup plus grand que], apprecie le directeur et guitariste d'Alerta Kamarada.
L'arrangement orchestral du nouvel album est l'œuvre du guitariste Oussama Gazoulit et de l'organiste Hicham Fettouchi.
La troupe a ete creee au debut des annees 1950 a Paris par trois amis : le poete guineen Fodeba Keita, son compatriote guitariste Facelli Kante et le chanteur camerounais Albert Mouangue.
Native de Casablanca, la grande artiste talentueuse, auteur, compositeur guitariste et interprete Saida Fikri a commence a chanter des l'age de 8 ans a ecrit sa premiere chanson, alors qu'elle avait a peine 12 ans avant d'entamer sa carriere professionnelle en 1994 avec son premier album [beaucoup moins que] Nadmana[beaucoup plus grand que], puis [beaucoup moins que]Salouni Ala'adab [beaucoup plus grand que] l'annee suivante.
Lotfi Attar, plus connu sous le nom de Lotfi Raina Rai, sortira d'ici a la fin de l'annee en cours, son nouvel album en solo, dans le genre musical [beaucoup moins que] gumb-guits [beaucoup plus grand que], sur l'echelle nationale et internationale, nous a annonce, en exclusivite, vendredi dernier, le guitariste, auteur et compositeur.
La ceremonie d'ouverture a ete ponctuee egalement d'une prestation musicale donnee par le chanteur et guitariste americain, Eric Anderson, avec la participation du violoniste italien Michele Gazich, qui ont gratifie le public du festival d'un concert memorable, durant lequel l'artiste Eric Anderson a interprete une selection parmi les plus belles chansons de son album [beaucoup moins que]Memory of the future[beaucoup plus grand que] (la memoire du futur).
Les rythmes, les couleurs et l'esprit metisse du jazz seront a l'honneur avec un artiste de grand calibre, le guitariste hors pair, libre-penseur et poete, Keziah Jones.
Offrant des ballades moder-nes et folkloriques soutenues par des instru-ments traditionnels comme le gumbri, le guitariste du groupe a fait vibrer l'assistance par des executions electriques qui font rappeler les solos tonitruants du leader et guitariste du groupe Raina Rai.
En 1967, il rencontre le guitariste Silver Koulouris et le batteur Lucas Sideras et fonde le groupe Aphrodite's Child.
Il est compose de Mok au chant, de son frere a la basse, d'un guitariste et d'un batteur.
Guitariste et chanteur inspire, il reprend la route en 2015, a la rencontre de son public.
Clavieriste, batteur, bassiste et guitariste, le fils de Bob Marley etait bel et bien, pour la premiere fois, en Algerie.