Gulf of Aden


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Aden, Gulf of

(ä`dən, ā`–), western arm of the Arabian Sea, 550 mi (885 km) long, lying between Yemen and Somalia; connected with the Red Sea by the Bab el Mandeb. The gulf is on the great Mediterranean Sea–Indian Ocean trade route. After the 16th cent. Portugal, Turkey, and Great Britain were the chief contenders for control of the gulf, but by the 19th cent. Britain dominated the area. In the late 1960s, British military withdrawal E of Suez led to an increased Soviet naval presence in the gulf area. The importance of the Gulf of Aden declined when the Suez Canal was closed, but it was revitalized when, after being deepened and widened by Egypt, the canal was reopened in 1975 and marine activity increased. The Gulf of Aden is richly supplied with fish, turtles, and lobsters.

Aden, Gulf of

 

gulf of the Arabian Sea between the Arabian and Somaliland peninsulas. Depth to 3,680 m. It is connected to the Red Sea by the strait of Bab el Mandeb. Intense luminescent surface displays characterize the gulf waters. Semidiurnal inequality of tides to 2.9 m in height. The major port is Aden.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Iranian Navy has been conducting anti-piracy patrols in the Gulf of Aden since November 2008, when Somali raiders hijacked the Iranian-chartered cargo ship, MV Delight, off the coast of Yemen.
He added: "In response to maritime piracy activities in the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, the UAE is following a two-track approach.
The day after the Tonb and Delvar returned to port, the Navy dispatched the Bandar Abbas and Shahid Naqdi for duty in the Gulf of Aden.
TCG Giresun (F-491) is currently serving in the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian sea.
Maritime piracy in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean is indeed an act of real defiance to the international community, all the more so that efforts exerted so far by several international sides at the political level and on the scene have failed to curb this phenomenon with all the serious dangers that it represents to safety of trade and tourist ship crews.
On an average 16 - 18 warships are deployed in the Gulf of Aden at any given time, which is indicative of the seriousness of the problem of piracy.
Alongside the EU, the US and other national navies deployed warships off the Somali coast in December 2008 to protect vessels and secure maritime routes in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
Over 5,000 people are operating as pirates in the Gulf of Aden," said First Deputy Chief of the Russian Navy General Staff Oleg Burtsev on Saturday to Ekho Moskvy radio station.
Poor weather has hampered pirate attacks of late giving the nearly 20,000 ships that pass through the Gulf of Aden each year some temporary reprieve.
They have increased raids on ships passing through the Gulf of Aden, a key shipping lane for oil and cargo, since February.
In separate anti-pirate operations, two outlaws were killed, one injured and four arrested on Sunday when the Yemeni Navy freed three Yemeni ships which had been seized in the Gulf of Aden.
The frigate, Al-Riyadh, responded to a distress call from the Yasa Seyhan after the ship was attacked by three small boats in international waters near the Gulf of Aden early yesterday, SPA said.