Gulf of Guinea


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Guinea, Gulf of

(gĭn`ē), large open arm of the Atlantic Ocean formed by the great bend of the coast of W Africa. It extends from the western coast of Côte d'Ivoire to the Gabon estuary and is bounded on the south by the equator. The bights of Benin and Biafra belong to the gulf. The exploitation of major offshore oil deposits began in the late 1990s. There are also metal ore deposits. Islands in the gulf include Bioko (formerly Fernando Po), São Tomé, and Principe.

Guinea, Gulf of

 

located in the Atlantic Ocean on the coast of equatorial Africa between Cape Palmas (Liberia) in the north and Palmeirinhas Point (Angola) in the south. Area, 1,533,000 sq km. In the extreme northeast the Gulf of Guinea splits into two bights—Biafra and Benin. There are islands in the Gulf of Guinea that are of mainland and volcanic origin, including Fernando Póo, Principe, and Sāo Tomé. The maximum depth is 6,363 m, and the water temperature is 25°-27° C. The salinity is 34-35 parts per thousand, but near the mouths of rivers, such as the Niger, Volta, Ogooué, and Congo, it drops to 20-30 parts per thousand. Tides are semidiurnal, and their maximum height is 2.7 m. Chief ports on the Gulf of Guinea are Tema, Accra, and Takoradi (Ghana), Lomé (Togo), Lagos (Nigeria), Libreville (Gabon), Pointe-Noire (Zaire), and Luanda (Angola).

References in periodicals archive ?
It is true that beyond the countries of the Gulf of Guinea, who are our natural partners from a service delivery perspective, we need to exchange with others.
Although the Gulf of Guinea has its own history of sea raids and piratical acts, they did not constitute a major threat until recently.
In the Gulf of Guinea, for example, the overall trend for piracy attacks over the past year has been more traditional, in that pirates are focused on stealing ships' cargoes, principally oil, (19) rather than kidnapping crews for ransom.
Loulichki said that the impact of piracy in the Gulf of Guinea is no longer just about security but also economic, in the sense that international maritime transport, international maritime trade, energy and commercial security and the economies of coastal and landlocked countries in the region are affected.
The expanded presence and partnerships in the Gulf of Guinea alone will ensure that the support solution of today will NOT be the solution of tomorrow.
Nigeria and Angola both border the Gulf of Guinea, producing almost half of the continent's oil.
As development of the oil industry continues throughout the Gulf of Guinea and West Africa, more and more companies will be on the lookout for logistical support for their oil industry requirements.
Iran's Oil Exploration Operation Company (OEOC) says it will sign in Nigeria an E&P agreement next month to explore a block in the West African country's Gulf of Guinea waters.
The seven Rolls-Royce RB211 mechanical drive units will power centrifugal barrel compressors manufactured by Siemens and Dresser-Rand in the technically demanding region of the Gulf of Guinea, off the coast of West Africa.
The explosion in oil exploration and production in the Gulf of Guinea has been one of the main developments in the global oil and gas sector over the past few years.
The fish stocks in the Gulf of Guinea, where most of the Ghanaian fishing fleets work, declined at least 50 percent over the 33 years that the researchers considered.
ONE DAY AFTER THE ONE-YEAR ANNIVERSARY of 9/11, during a time when his administration seemed almost pathologically determined to maneuver America between Iraq and a very hard place, President Bush had a little-noticed meeting with a group of political leaders from Africa's oil-rich Gulf of Guinea.