Tonkin Gulf resolution

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Tonkin Gulf resolution,

in U.S. history, Congressional resolution passed in 1964 that authorized military action in Southeast Asia. On Aug. 4, 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin were alleged to have attacked without provocation U.S. destroyers that were reporting intelligence information to South Vietnam. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his advisers decided upon immediate air attacks on North Vietnam in retaliation; he also asked Congress for a mandate for future military action. On Aug. 7, Congress passed a resolution drafted by the administration authorizing all necessary measures to repel attacks against U.S. forces and all steps necessary for the defense of U.S. allies in Southeast Asia. Although there was disagreement in Congress over the precise meaning of the Tonkin Gulf resolution, Presidents Johnson and Richard M. Nixon used it to justify later military action in Southeast Asia. The measure was repealed by Congress in 1970. Retired Vietnamese general Vo Nguyen Giap, in a 1995 meeting with former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, categorically denied that the North Vietnamese had attacked the U.S. destroyers on Aug. 4, 1964, and in 2001 it was revealed that President Johnson, in a taped conversation with McNamara several weeks after passage of the resolution, had expressed doubt that the attack ever occurred.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wayne Morse, D-Oregon, dean of the University of Oregon Law School before his political career, was memorably one of just two members of the upper chamber to oppose the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
Congress never formally declared war on North Vietnam but it gave Johnson authority to do what he wanted through the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
say on the evening news that President Johnson was replacing the Constitution with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
Johnson orchestrated the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, and Bush arranged congressional approval for the use of force against Iraq.
These pretexts are similar to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution of August 7, 1964, through which the U.
I can hear the raspy and prophetic voice of Senator Wayne Morse, who voted against the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, roaring thirty-eight years ago, "I don't know why we think, just because we're mighty, that we have the right to try to substitute might for right.
Congress reacted by passing (with only two dissenting votes) the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which supported `all necessary measures .
Why the Senate Slept: The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and the Beginning of the Vietnam War, by Ezra Y.
Senate votes against the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution that committed the United States to all-out war in Vietnam came from Oregon's Wayne Morse, a Wisconsin native who had imbibed La Follette's anti-imperialism as a youth, and Alaska's Ernest Gruening, who had served as spokesman for La Follette's 1924 campaign.
Such lopsided advantages in favor of substantive action are unique in American history and typically occur with respect to issues pertaining to war, such as the Gulf of Tonkin resolution supporting America's entry into the Vietnam war.
On August 7, 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Lyndon B.

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