gingivitis

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gingivitis

(jĭn'jəvī`tĭs), inflammation of the gums. It may be acute, subacute, chronic, or recurrent. The gums usually become red, swollen, and spongy, and bleed easily. Chronic gingivitis is the usual form, resulting from irritating bacteria or debris, food impaction, or poor dental restoration. It can also accompany vitamin C deficiency or metabolic disturbances such as diabetes. If left untreated, it can lead to the more serious pyorrheapyorrhea
, inflammation and degeneration of the gums and other tissues surrounding the teeth. The onset of the disease is marked by bleeding of the gums. As the disease proceeds, the gums recede from the teeth, loosening of the teeth occurs, and the bone supporting the teeth is
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, with gum destruction and loosening of teeth. Trench mouthtrench mouth,
common term for Vincent's infection, an ulcerative membranous infection of the gums and mouth, by noncontagious infection, associated with a fusiform bacillus and a spirochete.
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, an ulcerative infection of the gums and mouth, is sometimes referred to as a form of gingivitis.

Gingivitis

 

a disease of the gums characterized by inflammation, dystrophy, and so on.

Gingivitis may develop from the action of unfavorable external factors on the gum tissues (intoxication with lead, manganese, bismuth, or other toxins), but may also be a manifestation of the irritation of the body’s local or general reactivity. Under the action of harmful factors on the mucous membrane of the gum, first the gingival papilla and then neighboring portions of the mucosa become inflamed. Bleeding and soreness of the gums appears. With prolonged action of harmful factors, a destructive process may develop—the formation of ulcers or erosions on the gingival mucosa. When necrotic sections appear as a result of intoxication, the general condition of the body declines, body temperature rises, and the patient suffers from headache, weakness, excessive perspiration, insomnia, and a putrid odor from the mouth. Gingivitis has a tendency toward frequent exacerbations, which arise simultaneously with the aggravation of any disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Treatment is directed toward removing the basic disease and harmful factors. Gingivitis can be prevented by cleaning the teeth without fail, systematic removal of dental plaque, and timely treatment of the teeth and the mucosa of the oral cavity.

REFERENCE

Rukovodstvo po terapevticheskoi stomatologii. Edited by A. I. Evdokimov. Moscow, 1967.

V. N. ISAEV

gingivitis

[‚jin·jə′vīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the gingiva.

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums
References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly, although there is some evidence that interdental brushes are more effective than floss at reducing gum inflammation, the quality of available evidence means it is difficult to say for sure.
Co-enzyme Q10 has been shown to help reduce gum inflammation and repair damaged gum tissue, while chlorophyll has traditionally been used to deodorize breath.
s Breath Remedy line, for instance, is formulated with an ingredient called OraSan that executives say targets the bacteria responsible for odor and gum inflammation while nourishing the good bacteria needed to maintain a healthy mouth.
Instead, they target the bacteria responsible for odor and gum inflammation while nourishing the "good" bacteria needed to maintain a healthy mouth.
A: A small amount of gum inflammation is actually normal.
Its appearance also can resemble the gum inflammation caused by leukemia, Ciancio warned.
Dentists usually diagnose the disease by the presence of loose teeth and gum inflammation or the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums.
In fact, a clinical study conducted by the University of Nebraska confirmed that the Waterpik[R] Ultra Dental Water Jet was up to 93 percent more effective in reducing gum bleeding, and up to 52 percent more effective in reducing gum inflammation than flossing -- two leading indicators of gum disease1.
During the check-ups they were given advice on oral hygiene in addition to tips on how to avoid getting infections and detecting early gum inflammation.
Also, work with a dental professional to eliminate any gum inflammation, keep it at bay, and adequately care for your teeth each day.
Bacterial poisons and enzymes from the plaque eventually prompt an inflammatory response in the gums that, if left untreated, leads to severe gum inflammation (gingivitis).