Pigeon Pea

(redirected from Gungo pea)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Pigeon Pea


(Cajanus indicus), a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae. It grows as a bush 0.5–3.5 m high with a coarse uneven ribbed stem. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. The blossoms are large and grow five to nine on each peduncle. The beans are short and flat. The seeds measure 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter.

Pigeon peas have been cultivated for more than 2,500 years. Crops are grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, in tropical Africa, in Central and South America, and in northern Australia. The young beans are used as food; in nutritional value and taste they resemble green peas. The mature seeds are used to feed stock and fowl. In some countries they are fed to scale insects, producing raw material for making shellac (resin). They are also planted in large numbers as green fertilizer and on slopes to fight erosion. There are test plantings of pigeon peas in the USSR in the southern regions of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and also in Middle Asia.


Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Gungo peas usually ripen in December and are a Christmas specialty for Jamaica.
Jerk chicken, ackee and saltfish, curried chicken and other meats, along with accompanying rice and peas, gungo peas and roti.
From moth beans to gungo peas, from cassava chips to Jasmin oil, there's a cornucopia of delights from the subcontinent that are crying out 'cook me'.
In Jamaica, Christmas dinner traditionally consists of rice, gungo peas, chicken, ox tail - and curried goat.