Gunib


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Gunib

(go͞onyēp`), village, SE European Russia, in Dagestan. Now a mountain resort in the North Caucasus, it was historically important as a natural fortress during the Caucasian wars of the 19th cent. The imam ShamylShamyl
or Shamil
, 1798?–1871, imam (religious and political leader) of the E Caucasus. From 1834 to 1859 he led the Muslim tribes of the E Caucasus in their holy war to resist Russian conquest, waging guerrilla warfare with great skill.
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, leader of the Circassian tribes, made his last stand against the Russians at Gunib, where he was captured in 1859.

Gunib

 

a plateau in Inner Dagestan (Dagestan ASSR), situated between the lower reaches of the Avarskoe Koisu and Karakoisu rivers, west of the settlement of Gunib. Elevations to 2,354 m. The upper parts of the plateau are composed of layers of limestone, whose sheer cliffs give the plateau the character of a natural fortress. Gunib has a large number of sunny days each year (up to 310) and an absence of winds. In the settlement of Gunib there is a mountain climatic health resort and a tourist center.

The aul (village) of Gunib served as the last refuge for Shamil in his struggle against tsarism. It was there that he and 400 Murids surrendered to the Russian troops on Aug. 25, 1859.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mauritius President Bibi Ameenah Firdous Gunib Fukim is highly qualified and is doctor of science, a biodiversity scientist.
The October 21, 2013, attack in Volgograd was allegedly carried out by Naida Asiyalova from Gunib, Dagestan, whose husband was an ethnic Russian convert to Islam, (30) while the December 29 and 30 attacks were launched by a pair of young Dagestani men named Asker Samedov and Suleiman Magomedov.
Five suspected militants were killed in fighting on Saturday in the Dagestani village of Gunib, authorities said.
Saturday's clash took place in the southwest village of Gunib where the fighters were holed up in a house in the mountains.
The proof of the wisdom of this course: Shamil's surrender at Gunib came just "three years to the day" (25 August 1859) after Bariatinskii's appointment as commander-in-chief (100).
On December 19, Yusuf Yusufov, Deputy Head of the Livestock Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of Dagestan, together with representatives of the Moscow firm Kanten LLC visited the economy of Gunib and Buinak districts.
Open Competition: Development of project documentation for reconstruction of the entrance from the road with a Gunib Tsurib.