Gunnar Myrdal


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Myrdal, (Karl) Gunnar

 

Born Dec. 6, 1898, in Gustafs. Swedish economist. Professor at the Higher Commercial School in Stockholm (1933–50 and again from 1960); consultant to the Swedish government on economic questions (1933–38); minister of trade and commerce (1945–47); executive secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (1947–57).

Myrdal’s many works on international economic relations contain theoretical validations and practical recommendations for strengthening economic ties between the developed capitalist countries and the developing nations. He is an advocate of expansion of economic contacts with the socialist states. His books are distinguished by rich factual material and an original interpretation of vital economic and political problems. Myrdal’s views on the socioeconomic development of Third World countries are widely known in the West and are considered authoritative.

A number of Myrdal’s recent works accurately depict the difficulties that developing countries are experiencing in overcoming the economic backwardness inherited from colonialism. However, Myrdal’s evaluation of the potentials for further economic development of Third World countries is based on a denial of the noncapitalist path; this reflects the inconsistency and bourgeois narrowness of his scholarly concepts. In his works, Myrdal idealizes the bourgeois system and underestimates the fundamental contradictions between imperialist states.

WORKS

Monetary Equilibrium. London, 1939.
The Political Element in the Development of Economic Theory. London, 1953.
Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions. London, 1957.
Beyond the Welfare State. New Haven, 1960.
Challenge to Affluence. London, 1963.
The Challenge of World Poverty: A World Antipoverty Program in Outline. New York, 1970.
Aufsätze und Reden. Frankfurt am Main, 1971.
In Russian translation:
Mirovaia ekonomika: Problemy i perspektivy. Moscow, 1958.
Sovremennye problemy “tret’ego mira.” Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Knut Wicksell, Gustav Cassel, Eli Heckscher, Bertil Ohlin, and Gunnar Myrdal on the Role of the Economist in Public Debate.
Gunnar Myrdal, with the assistance of Richard Sterner and Arnold Rose, An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1944).
49) This differed from the more dismal view held by the Social Democrats, particularly Gunnar Myrdal, but was in line with the view held by business in general.
Gunnar Myrdal, a chief critic of Herskovits's postulation of African cultural retentions among American blacks, raised this very point in his analysis of black culture.
In 1938, the Carnegie Corporation of New York hired Swedish economist Gunnar Myrdal to tell Americans about their own "race problem.
His book, Bread for the World, won the national Religious Book Award and was described by the late Nobel Prize economist, Gunnar Myrdal, as a "clear and convincing" analysis of world hunger.
Gunder quickly came to be known, in the disparaging language of economics, as an "institutionalist," who took his inspiration from the likes of Thorstein Veblen and Gunnar Myrdal.
In the 1940s, George Gallup gained icon status for pioneering political polls; GM sales managers plastered their walls with giant weekly maps of counties coded for color preference of cars; and economist Gunnar Myrdal exposed the systematic effects of racism on African Americans with a multi-volume encyclopedia, An American Dilemma.
The court also quoted Gunnar Myrdal, who wrote in An American Dilemma, "[American Negro] culture is a distorted development, or a pathological condition, of the general American culture.
3) In Erlander's era, whilst the Swedish government exported social engineers like Gunnar Myrdal, it drew the line at encouraging Myrdal to spread on home soil the Caucasophobe poison he squirted into such accommodating receptacles as Earl Warren's Supreme Court.
Some forty years ago, Nobel laureate Gunnar Myrdal listed some steps the American departments of Economics could take to ensure they survive Y2K In the millennium, at least some of his advice is relevant for English Studies in Canada.
A quarter-century ago in Stockholm I interviewed the famed Swedish sociologist Gunnar Myrdal, who wrote the classic study of racism in the United States, An American Dilemma: the Negro Problem and Modern Democracy (1962).