Gupta

(redirected from Guptan)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Gupta

(go͝op`tə), Indian dynasty, A.D. c.320–c.550, whose empire at its height encompassed much of N India. Ancient Indian culture reached a high point during this period. Gupta paintings adorned the caves of AjantaAjanta
, village, Maharashtra state, W central India, in the Ajanta Hills. The famous Ajanta caves, discovered in 1819, contain remarkable examples of Buddhist art. The caves, carved out of the side of a steep ravine, consist of chapels and monasteries dating from c.200 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information.
, its sculpture embellished the temples of ElloraEllora
, village, E central Maharashtra state, India. Extending more than 1 mi (1.6 km) on a hill are 34 rock and cave temples (5th–13th cent.), most of them Hindu but some Buddhist and Jain.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and its metaphysical speculations flowered in philosophy and in the study of mathematics.

The dynasty was founded by Chandragupta I (reigned c.320–c.330), who married a princess of the Licchavi tribe and acquired the kingdom of MagadhaMagadha
, ancient Indian kingdom, situated within the area of the modern states of Bihar and Jharkhand. Its capital was Pataliputra (now Patna). The kingdom rose to prominence in the mid-7th cent. B.C. and rapidly extended its frontiers, especially under the rule of Bimbisara (c.
..... Click the link for more information.
. He expanded his domains to include all of Bihar and Jharkhand and some of Bengal. His brilliant son, Samudragupta (reigned c.330–c.380), conquered almost all of N India and much of the Deccan.

The third and greatest of the Guptas, Chandragupta II (reigned c.380–c.414), further expanded the kingdom to include Ujjain. His reign, vividly described in the writings of Fa Hsien, a Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, was marked by prosperity throughout the land. Embassies were sent to many foreign courts, among them Rome, and a single code of law was promulgated for India. In this period also, the splendid Iron Pillar was erected (c.400) near what is now New Delhi, and KalidasaKalidasa
, fl. 5th cent.?, Indian dramatist and poet. He is regarded as the greatest figure in classical Sanskrit literature. Except that he was retained by the Gupta court, no facts concerning his life are known.
..... Click the link for more information.
 wrote his dramas.

Chandragupta II's successors were Kumaragupta (reigned c.414–455) and Skandagupta (reigned 455–c.467). The latter repelled the invasions of the White HunsWhite Huns
or Hephthalites
, people of obscure origins, possibly of Tibetan or Turkish stock. They were called Ephthalites by the Greeks, and Hunas by the Indians. There is no definite evidence that they are related to the Huns.
..... Click the link for more information.
, but after his death they overran much of N India. The dynasty lingered on in Bengal until c.550.

Bibliography

See J. F. Fleet, Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings and Their Successors (2d ed. 1963); S. K. Maity, The Imperial Guptas and their Times.

Gupta

 

a dynasty that ruled northern India in the fourth, fifth, and sixth centuries. The Gupta rulers originated from among the petty princes of Magadha. Under Chandragupta I, who ruled from 320 to circa 340 and who adopted the title of emperor, the formation of the Gupta state began.

The rulers Samudragupta and Chandragupta II Vikra-maditya (who ruled from circa 380 until 414) brought all of northern India under their rule except for Kashmir, the western Punjab, and Rajputana. Samudragupta also carried out a campaign into the Deccan and southern India. Skandagupta, in the fifth century, had to carry on a difficult struggle against the tribes of Pushyamitra in western India and against the Ephthalites, or White Huns, on the northwestern frontiers of the state. Under Buddhagupta the state began to fall apart. Gujarat and Malwa seceded from it, and in the early sixth century the Ephthalite Huns conquered the western part of the state. Circa 528 the Gupta ruler Baladitya, in alliance with the central Indian ruler Yasodharman of Mandasor, defeated the Ephthalites, destroying their power in India except for the northwestern part. However, the Gupta rulers had been so weakened by the wars with the Ephthalites and apparently by a serious internal crisis of the state that they were unable to prevent its further irreversible decline. The Gupta state ceased to exist in the late sixth century. The Gupta era is noted as a golden age in literature, the arts, and the economy.

REFERENCES

Mookerji, Radhakumud. The Gupta Empire. Bombay, 1948.
The History and Culture of the Indian People, 2nd ed., vol. 3. London, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
Were very pleased to have assisted on this transaction," commented Clifford Chance Rahul Guptan.
In this accessible guide, consultant Guptan explains how to be a successful mentor to others in any type of organization.
NEW YORK -- Duff & Phelps Corporation (NYSE: DUF), a leading independent financial advisory and investment banking firm, today announced the expansion of its Investment Banking segment with the appointment of Michael Cochrane as leader of the Mergers and Acquisitions Advisory practice and the addition of seven new managing directors: Frederic Dubuisson, Philippe Nataf, Raymond Kane, Michael Guptan, Glen Clarke, Chip Wahle and Robert Nabholz.
Michael Guptan joins the New York office, bringing with him more than 20 years of technology, strategy and investment banking experience.
Additional SP ( Sahibabad) Happy Guptan said, " They had a court marriage on August 31 this year but were staying with their parents.
Saxena R, Thakur V, Sood B, Guptan RC, Guruaja S, Sarin SK, Transfusion associated hepatitis in a tertiary referral hospital in India.
Council for Entrepreneurial Development, CED, Joan Siefert Rose, entrepreneur, CED's Venture 2009, sponsors, venture capital, financing, Pinehurst, Hutchinson Law Group, iContact, Square 1 Bank, National Venture Capital Association, TechCFO, IDEA Fund Partners, Silicon Valley Bank, Grant Thornton, Pepsi Bottling Ventures, Business Leader Magazine, Business North Carolina, Black Diamond Capital Group, Dow Jones VentureSource, Ernst & Young, Frontier Capital, Harbert Venture Partners, Hughes Pittman & Guptan, L.
Michael Guptan, Managing Director; Gene Ramirez, Vice President; and Javier Warra, Vice President Bring Strong Experience in Key Sectors Group Executes More Than 20 Transactions in First Year
Stanford Group Company today announced, as part of an aggressive growth plan, three new hires in its investment banking group, including Managing Director Michael Guptan, who brings more than 15 years of experience working in strategic and financial advisory roles with technology companies.
Guptan is an adjunct faculty member at New York University and has a master's degree in business administration from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.