Nanak

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Nanak

 

Born Apr. 15, 1469, in the village of Rai Bhoi di Talvandi, district of Shekhupura, Punjab; died Sept. 22, 1539, in Kartarpur. Indian poet, preacher, and ideologist of Sikhism. Wrote in Punjabi.

Nanak was the son of a merchant. His teachings were based on the doctrine of bhakti. He preached religious unity, social and caste equality, and spiritual self-improvement. He rejected the rituals of existing religions and advocated the active participation of his Sikh disciples in secular life. He founded a community in which unquestioning obedience to the authority of the guru (teacher) was required. The members of the Sikh community included members of the upper castes, untouchables, and Muslims; for the most part, they were from the trading and artisan strata of society. There were also members of the Jat peasantry, whose antifeudal views were reflected in Nanak’s teachings. In his verse, Nanak used Indian and Persian measures. The Granth, the holy book of the Sikhs, contains 974 works by Nanak, of which the most important are his “Prayer,” “Hymn to Hope,” and “Twelve Moons.”

WORKS

In English translation:
Selections From the Sacred Writings of the Sikhs. London, 1960.

REFERENCES

Reisner, I.M. Narodnye dvizheniia ν Indii ν XVI1-XVIII vv. Moscow, 1958.
Serebriakov, I. Pendzhabskaia literatura. Moscow, 1963.
Guru Nanak: K 500-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia poeta i gumanista Indii. Moscow, 1972.
Mahankavi guru Nanak. Patiala, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
Manuscripts containing independent compositions of Miharban include Punjabi University, Patiala MS 115715; Central State Library, Patiala MS 2880; Bhasha Vibhag Patiala MS 265; and Guru Nanak Dev University.
Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak Dev Ji who was born in Nankana Sahib, Punjab (now part of Pakistan), in November, 1469.
The Guru Granth Sahib includes prayers written by the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak Dev Ji and religious hymns.
Today we celebrate the birthday of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of the Sikh faith.
B-40 Janamsakhi Guru Baba Nanak Paintings (Chandiganh Guru Nanak Dev University, 1987).
The followers would celebrate all Sikh festivals including birth and death anniversaries of founder of Sikh religion Baba Guru Nanak Dev Ji according to Nanak Shahi Calendar.
YENy DELHy (CyHAN)- Thousands of devotees thronged the holiest of Sikh shrines, 'Harmandar Sahib', popularly known as Golden Temple, in Amritsar and other gurdwaras across Punjab and Haryana Thursday on Gurpurab - the birth anniversary of Sikhism's founder, Guru Nanak Dev.
In a report released in 2010- 11, the Punjab government cited a study conducted by Amritsar's Guru Nanak Dev University to conclude that at least 73.
They gathered in West Bromwich yesterday, many in the traditional Sikh colours, to mark the anniversary of the birth of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
By ISLAMABAD, November 21, 2010 (Frontier Star): Federal Minister for Minorities Affairs Shahbaz Bhatti has felicitated Sikh Yatrees on the occasion of birth anniversary of Baba Guru Nanak Dev Ji and extended his warm wishes to all Sikh Yatrees, he gave this statement here today.
Sikhism, the youngest of the major religions, was founded in the 15th century by Guru Nanak Dev Ji.