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Born Apr. 15, 1469, in the village of Rai Bhoi di Talvandi, district of Shekhupura, Punjab; died Sept. 22, 1539, in Kartarpur. Indian poet, preacher, and ideologist of Sikhism. Wrote in Punjabi.

Nanak was the son of a merchant. His teachings were based on the doctrine of bhakti. He preached religious unity, social and caste equality, and spiritual self-improvement. He rejected the rituals of existing religions and advocated the active participation of his Sikh disciples in secular life. He founded a community in which unquestioning obedience to the authority of the guru (teacher) was required. The members of the Sikh community included members of the upper castes, untouchables, and Muslims; for the most part, they were from the trading and artisan strata of society. There were also members of the Jat peasantry, whose antifeudal views were reflected in Nanak’s teachings. In his verse, Nanak used Indian and Persian measures. The Granth, the holy book of the Sikhs, contains 974 works by Nanak, of which the most important are his “Prayer,” “Hymn to Hope,” and “Twelve Moons.”


In English translation:
Selections From the Sacred Writings of the Sikhs. London, 1960.


Reisner, I.M. Narodnye dvizheniia ν Indii ν XVI1-XVIII vv. Moscow, 1958.
Serebriakov, I. Pendzhabskaia literatura. Moscow, 1963.
Guru Nanak: K 500-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia poeta i gumanista Indii. Moscow, 1972.
Mahankavi guru Nanak. Patiala, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said that the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev was based on principles of peace and love among humanity.
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A fantastic day was had by all as they celebrated Guru Nanak Dev ji's birthday on November 25.
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Today we celebrate the birthday of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of the Sikh faith.
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Veteran actor Anil Kapoor also wished happiness for everyone, writing, "May Guru Nanak Dev Ji inspire you to achieve all your goals, bless you with peace, love & happiness
LAHORE -- Over 2,600 Sikh Yatrees arrived here at Wagha Railway Station on Thursday through special trains to celebrate 548th birth anniversary of Baba Guru Nanak Dev Gi.
LAHORE -- President, Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Parbhandak Committee (PSGPC) Pardhan Tara Singh has said that the establishment of Guru Nanak Dev International University will promote Sikh-Mulsim friendship across the world.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the first Guru of the Sikh religion and his birthday is celebrated by prayers at the Gurdwara.
Meanwhile, the Delhi Police on Monday registered a case against Asaram's spokesperson Neelam Dubey for allegedly making disrespectful remarks against Guru Nanak Dev during a debate on a news channel.
They gathered in West Bromwich yesterday, many in the traditional Sikh colours, to mark the anniversary of the birth of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.