Virgil Grissom

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Grissom, Virgil


Born Apr. 3, 1926, in Mitchell, Ind.; died Jan. 27, 1967, at the testing area of Cape Kennedy. US astronaut. Air force colonel.

Grissom became a military pilot in 1944. In 1950 he graduated from Purdue University in Lafayette, Ind.; in 1955 he graduated from the Air Force Institute of Technology; and in 1956 he graduated from test pilot school at Edwards Air Force Base. In 1959 he became an astronaut of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. On July 21, 1961, as part of Project Mercury, he completed a 16-minute suborbital flight. On Mar. 23, 1965, he completed a space flight in Gemini 3 with J. Young. The flight lasted about five hours (three orbits around the earth). On this flight the astronauts made the first transfer of a spaceship from one orbit to another. E. White, R. Chaffee, and Grissom died from a fire that broke out in the cabin of an Apollo spaceship during ground tests.

References in periodicals archive ?
Young joined Gus Grissom on the Gemini 3 mission, then commanded the first space shuttle mission in what some people called "the boldest test flight in history.
Calculated Risk: The Supersonic Life and Times of Gus Grissom
America's second space traveler, Gus Grissom, lost his capsule after splashdown.
Other new members of the board include Lowell Grissom, the brother of Gus Grissom who died during Apollo 1 testing, and Nasa commander and astronaut Mark Kelly, whose twin Scott is on the International Space Station.
In 1959, NASA presented its first seven astronauts: Scott Carpenter, Gordon Cooper, John Glenn, Gus Grissom, Wally Schirra, Alan Shepard and Donald Slayton.
The tragedy occured when the Apollo I capsule was going through a launch test as this failed and took the lives of the three astronauts such as Roger Chaffee, Ed White and Gus Grissom.
Gus Grissom, the astronaut for this mission, wore two pairs of rubber pants so that his urine would be contained in the reservoir between them.
For instance, Duggins includes a lighthearted exchange from 1959 between soon-to-be-hired NASA (eventually shuttle) engineer Sam Beddingfield and astronaut Gus Grissom.
This grand finale came 50 years to the day that Gus Grissom became the second American in space, just a half-year ahead of Glenn.
Since that time, some of the very best pilots in the world, including Buzz Aldrin, Chuck Yeager and Gus Grissom, have attended U.
Making its UK debut in Birmingham, CSI: The Experience takes visitors in the footsteps of Gus Grissom on an exhilarating journey through dark alleys and hot deserts, in an attempt to catch the criminals by gathering clues from the scene of the crime and testing the evidence in the lab using the latest forensic technology.
Months before this tragedy, in January, US astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger Chaffee died in a horrific fire in the commas nd module of Apollo 1 during a training exercise on a launch pad at Cape Canaveral.