Gus Hall


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Hall, Gus

 

(real name, Arvo Kusta Halberg). Born Oct. 8, 1910, near Virginia, Minn. Figure in the American and international working-class movement.

The son of a miner, Hall went to work at the age of 14; he was at various times a lumberjack, miner, railroad worker, and steel-worker. He joined the Young Communist League in 1926 and the Communist Party of the USA (CPUSA) in 1927. From 1929 to 1932 he traveled in several European countries, including the USSR. Between 1927 and 1937, Hall helped organize a strike movement in Minnesota, Ohio, and Pennsylvania; he also organized antimilitarist protests and a movement of the unemployed. He was arrested several times. Hall took part in the movement that led to the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

From 1938 to 1941, Hall was a party organizer in Youngstown, Ohio; in 1941 and 1942 and in 1946 and 1947 he was secretary of the party organization of Cleveland. He served in the navy from 1942 to 1946. Hall became a member of the National Committee of the CPUSA in 1944 and a member of the committee’s National Executive Bureau in 1947. From 1947 to 1949 he was chairman of the party organization of Ohio. In 1949 he was elected a secretary of the National Committee of the CPUSA, and in 1950 and 1951 he served as the committee’s acting general secretary.

In 1948, Hall and other leaders of the CPUSA were put on trial, and in 1949 he was convicted under the Smith Act. He was in prison from 1951 to 1957, and after his release he remained under police surveillance until 1959; the legal restrictions on him ended in 1966. In April 1959, Hall was elected secretary of the Executive Committee of the National Committee of the CPUSA and regional secretary of the committee for the Midwest. He was elected general secretary of the CPUSA in December 1959. He was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1977 and the Order of Friendship of Peoples in 1975.

Hall has written several works that analyze American imperialism, the strategy and tactics of the CPUSA, and the international communist and working-class movements from a Marxist-Leninist standpoint. His works also analyze ways and means to resist the political and economic encroachment of monopolies, combat racial and social inequality, and promote peace and socialism.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Revoliutsionnoe rabochee dvizhenie i sovremennyi imperializm. Moscow, 1974.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Welch also alluded to a speech at the University of Oregon by Gus Hall of the Communist Party USA, equating it with Nazi hate speech.
The CPUSA was founded in Moscow, funded from Moscow (as late as 1988 Gus Hall was signing receipts for $3 million a year), and directed by Moscow; the Comintern reviewed everything from the party's printing bills to its public explanations of the nuances of the Hitler-Stalin pact, and the slightest misstep could bring scorching rebukes.
In an October 1, 1961 letter of application to Communist Party leader Gus Hall, DuBois praised Communism, saying: "in the end Communism will triumph.
Apart from Kim Il-Sung and Fidel Castro, no Communist leader in the world ruled his own party as long as Gus Hall ruled over American Communists," says Maurice Isserman, professor of history at Hamilton College.
For the next 35 years the party hobbled along with about 3,000 members led by the indefatigable Gus Hall.
Even when he was in the grip of his final illness, he wrote from Moscow to his designated successor, Gus Hall, "Our Party is part of a great world-wide Communist movement.
Communist Gus Hall, though arriving as the Cold War was heating up, all but put people to sleep.
This sort of implementing of study by direct action is what disturbs [American Communist leader] Gus Hall and his followers.
20 /PRNewswire/ -- Gus Hall, National Chair of the Communist Party, USA and former candidate for the President of the United States issued the following urgent call to the American people:
In 1962, Gus Hall, the general secretary of the Communist Party USA, was denied the opportunity to speak at the University of Washington and the University of California, Berkeley, but was invited to the UO because Hollis persuaded then-President Arthur Flemming to approve the visit.
Etter likened Anelauskas' talks to the controversial talk delivered by Communist Party head Gus Hall at the UO in 1963.
The pinnacle of free speech came in 1963, when Arthur Flemming, the president of the University of Oregon and a well-known Republican, facing opposition from a broad spectrum of governmental and civic leaders, provided Gus Hall, head of the Communist Party USA, a platform to address a university convocation.