Gustav Stresemann


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Stresemann, Gustav

 

Born May 10, 1878, in Berlin; died there Oct. 3, 1929. German political figure.

From 1903 to 1918, Stresemann was deputy chairman of the League of Saxon Manufacturers. In 1903 he joined the National Liberal Party of Germany, and in 1907 he was elected for the first of several times to the Reichstag. During World War I, Stresemann was an active supporter of annexation. After the war he was one of the organizers and leaders of the German People’s Party. During this period he shunned the extreme right groupings of the bourgeoisie and cooperated with Social Democratic leaders. From August to November 1923, Stresemann as chancellor headed the so-called Great Coalition (including representatives ranging from the German People’s Party to the Social Democrats), which helped the German bourgeoisie deal with a severe political crisis. In August 1923, Stresemann became foreign minister. Strengthening German imperialism under cover of peacemaking rhetoric, Stresemann concluded international agreements (Dawes Plan, Locarno Treaties of 1925) and arranged for Germany’s entry into the League of Nations (1926)—all of which constituted a revision of the Versailles Treaty of 1919. Strese-mann carried out a policy of rapprochement with the Western countries while advocating development of relations with the USSR (the Berlin Treaty concerning neutrality of 1926).

L. I. GINTSBERG

References in periodicals archive ?
The grant receiver is German Gustav Stresemann Institute.
Karl Pohl's essay on Gustav Stresemann, who has been the subject of six biographies in recent years, justifies yet another biography with new questions and interpretations.
Thus was established the oreward for good deal-makingo category, and there have been a lot since then: Woodrow Wilson (1919) for his pro-League of Nations diplomacy; Aristide Briand and Gustav Stresemann (1926) for their Franco-German reconciliation at Locarno in the previous year; Willy Brandt (1971) for his Ostpolitik efforts to thaw the Cold War; Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho (1973) for their Vietnam War negotiations; Mikhael Gorbachev (1990) for being so kind as to actually end the Cold War; Anwar al-Sadat and Menachim Begin (1978) for the Egyptian-Israeli peace settlementuplus a number of others.
24) In the Reichstag, the brilliant, hawkish German People's Party (DVP) leader, Gustav Stresemann, who chaired the Foreign Affairs Committee resented having been blocked from the Wilhelmstrasse.
Gustav Stresemann, a moderate conservative politician who supported the Republic, presented his party's policies as a continuation of Bismarck's Realpolitik, which he interpreted as a policy "conscious of the limitations of our power and which seeks understanding and peace" (p.
Erik Goldstein, a Reader at the University of Birmingham, outlines the collective view of the United States held by British diplomatists and Foreign Office officials in the inter-war, while Jonathan Wright, of Christ Church, Oxford, examines whether the German foreign minister, Gustav Stresemann, was a liberal or a realist.
That notwithstanding the author's own often stilted language (similar to a perceptive teacher's early evaluation of Junger's "pretentious diction"), Nevin's not infrequent factual errors (for example, Gustav Stresemann did not found the German National People's Party), and his too easy dismissal of Junger's numerous critics (the small selection of photographs includes a portrait inscribed to Nevin, but the standard monograph by Hans-Peter Schwarz is scarcely alluded to and the pointed critique of Kurt Sontheimer not at all).
Though the uninitiated will have difficulties with the depth of detail, those who persevere will find answers to what the Reichsbank's policies were, how they contributed to the initiation and control of inflation, what strategies industrialists - especially Hugo Stinnes - tried to follow and how they influenced events in contrast to leading politicians' - especially Joseph Wirth, Wilhelm Cuno, and Gustav Stresemann - responsibilities and activities.