Gustavo Machado

Machado, Gustavo

 

Born July 19, 1898, in Caracas. Figure in the Venezuelan and international labor movement.

In his youth, Machado participated in the student movement. Persecuted for his revolutionary activity, he was forced to emigrate. Machado lived in various countries in Europe and America. In 1925 he was involved in the communist movement in Cuba, and from 1926 to 1929, while in Mexico, he was general secretary of the Anti-imperialist League of America.

Machado returned to Venezuela and in 1931 joined the Communist Party of Venezuela (CPV). Since 1936 he has been a member of the Central Committee of the CPV. In 1945 he was elected a member of Venezuela’s Constituent Assembly; in 1947-48, from 1958 to 1963, and since 1968 he has been a deputy to the national congress. Since 1946, Machado has been a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPV, and from 1958 to 1970 he served as national secretary of the Central Committee of the CPV. Machado was in prison from 1963 to 1968. Since 1969 he has been director of the newspaper Tribuna popular (the central organ of the Central Committee of the CPV), and since 1971 he has been chairman of the Central Committee of the CPV. For his revolutionary activity Machado has been repeatedly arrested and exiled from his country. In 1973 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR awarded him the Order of Friendship of Peoples.

References in periodicals archive ?
De ese ambiente dimanan los primeros partidos comunistas de la region: Argentina (1918), Mexico (1919), Uruguay (1920), Chile (1920); Cuba (192), Peru (1929) (5), asi como tambien, la formacion de las diferentes iniciativas de organizacion antiimperialista, como las surgidas en el interior de Venezuela, y las promovidas por los exiliados politicos de esa epoca, lideradas por Jose Pio Tamayo, Gustavo Machado, Eduardo Machado, Rodolfo Quintero, Miguel Otero Silva, Salvador de la Plaza, entre otros, las cuales sirvieron de preambulo a la creacion del Partido Comunista de Venezuela, fundado el 5 de marzo de 1931.
Junto a Gustavo Machado y otros destacados activistas venezolanos, Salvador de la Plaza trato de desmitificar el enfoque sesgado que coloca a los latinoamericanos como seres incapaces de ser autenticamente creativos, soberanos y autonomos.
En 1926, con Gustavo Machado y otros destacados dirigentes en el exilio, expone al mundo y al pais los lineamientos generales sustentadores del Programa de Gobierno del Partido Revolucionario de Venezuela (PRV) (17), en los cuales destacan, entre otros aspectos, la emancipacion del campesino y del obrero de todo dominio latifundista-capitalista, la reivindicacion del papel igualitario de la mujer respecto al hombre; la redistribucion de las tierras ociosas y baldias para quienes carecen de propiedad.
17) Sus integrantes fueron: Felix Teran, Bartolome Ferrer, Eduardo y Gustavo Machado, Carlos Aponte, J.
Aquella generacion dio a la politica partidista venezolana los nombres mas senalados de su vida democratica durante el siglo xx: fundadores de los modernos partidos y diarios, y figuras importantes de la vida cultural y academica como Romulo Betancourt, Raul Leoni (ambos presidentes de Venezuela, andando el tiempo), Gustavo Machado (fundador del Partido Comunista), Miguel Otero Silva (escritor de izquierdas y fundador del influyente diario El Nacional) fueron solo algunos de ellos.
Mexico's help later shifted to support people with a left-wing ideology, such as Gustavo Machado, Carlos Leon, the federal district governor in 1909 who later professed to hold leftist views, and the adventurer Emilio Arevalo Cedeno.
Leon, who had been secretary to Felipe Carrillo Puerto, the former socialist governor of Yucatan and who, according to Gustavo Machado, had secured from him 1,500 rifles and twenty-five machine guns, benefited the most from the change of policy.
90) Gustavo Machado, with the financial backing of the Soviet Union, was sent to Curacao in early March 1929 with US$100 to organize the operation.
com Public Relations Contact: Gustavo Machado, Jackson Spalding Business number: (404) 874-8389 E-mail address: gmachado@jacksonspalding.