Guy Mollet


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Mollet, Guy

 

Born Dec. 31, 1905, in Flers, Orne Department; died Oct. 3, 1975, in Paris. French political and governmental figure.

A teacher by profession, Mollet became an official of the French Socialist Party (SFIO) in 1923. During World War II he took part in the Resistance Movement; in 1944 he became secretary of the Liberation Committee of the department of Pas-de-Calais. In 1945 he was elected mayor of the city of Arras.

In 1945–46, Mollet was a deputy to the Constituent Assembly and after 1946 was a deputy to the National Assembly. He served as secretary-general of the SFIO from 1946 to 1969 and as vice-president of the Socialist International from 1951 to 1969. He was a minister of state during 1946–47 and again in 1950–51; in 1951 he became a vice-premier. From 1954 to 1956 he was chairman of the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe.

In 1956, Mollet became head of the French government that was formed after the victory of left-wing forces in the elections. His government carried out a number of social reforms, and in 1956 he visited the USSR as head of a governmental delegation. But the participation of the Mollet government in Anglo-French-Israeli aggression against Egypt during 1956, along with continuation of the colonial war in Algeria (1954-62), led to a split among democratic forces and brought about Mollet’s resignation in 1957.

In May 1958, as vice-premier, he aided the coming to power of C. De Gaulle, in whose government he served as a state minister during 1958–59. Mollet then joined the opposition to the Fifth Republic. In 1963 he visited the USSR as head of a delegation of the SFIO. Mollet was active in the creation of the Federation of the Left in 1965. In 1969 he became chairman of the University Center for the Study of Socialism.

References in periodicals archive ?
No Eisenhower to wage economic combat against Prime Minister Anthony Eden and France's Guy Mollet in 1956, while treating Khrushchev's rape of Hungary as a mere case of sexual harassment.
Il noue egalement des relations avec Guy Mollet, qu'il cotoie au sein de la commission des Affaires generales au Conseil de l'Europe.
Ses relations avec Paul-Henri Spaak ne sont pas sans nuages, comme le revele une lettre adressee a Guy Mollet le 29 decembre 1963: Fernand Dehousse y exprime sa volonte d'etre secretaire general du Conseil de l'Europe, mais se montre decu par le faible soutien apporte par Paul-Henri Spaak, et sollicite donc l'appui du leader francais (97).
In 1956, the Israeli Prime Minister Ben-Gurion, France Prime Minister Guy Mollet and the British Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd planned a tripartite military attack against Egypt.
It is a little known fact that in 1940 it was seriously suggested by the British government that France and the UK should become one country; and that some years later, in the early years of the European Common Market, a French Prime Minister, Guy Mollet, proposed a similar union.
Guy Mollet, the French Prime Minister at the time, put the idea to Anthony Eden in 1956.
And in 1956 French Prime Minister Guy Mollet came to London hoping to unite France with Britain.
On September 10 that year, French Premier Guy Mollet visited London to discuss a merger between the two countries with Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden.
On September 10, 1956, French Prime Minister Guy Mollet came to London to discuss the possibility of a merger between the two countries with Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden, it was said.
Service marches publics, 6 place Guy Mollet, porte 122, BP 70913