Guy de Chauliac


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Chauliac, Guy de

(gē də shōlyäk`), c.1300–1368, French surgeon. At Avignon he was physician to Pope Clement VI and to two of his successors. His Chirurgia magna (1363) was used as a manual by physicians for three centuries.
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Guy de Chauliac, a French physician of the fourteenth century, recorded that certain Carmelite monks who repeatedly suffered from pestilence happened to be especially filthy.
Reed, Dominique Larrey, Ambroise Pare, Pierre de I'Estoile, Guy de Chauliac, Conan Doyle, Juggins, Archer, Dr John Brown, Dr Cheever, Bob Sawyer, Terence, Joseph Pancoast, Velpeau, Pirogoff, Gross, Raphael, Michael Angelo, Leonardo, Murillo, Faure.
The 14th-century French surgeon Guy de Chauliac is often cited as the first to describe its treatment by incision and drainage.
The `vernacular theory' provided here is drawn from the familiar (Chaucer, Langland, Julian of Norwich) as well as the less known (John Capgrave, Guy de Chauliac, Thomas Norton); the twin pleasures of the volumes are, therefore, its discoveries and -- in the illuminations juxtaposition necessarily provides -- reanimations.
Weill-Parot pursues these problems in al-Kindi, Guillaume d'Auvergne, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, Roger Bacon, and then more briefly in Matteo d'Aquasparta, John Peckham, Pierre d'Auvergne, Michael Scot, Cecco d'Ascoli, John of Eschenden, Leopoldus of Austria, Taddeo da Parma, John of Saxe, Andreas de Sommaria, Nicole Oresme, Heinrich von Langenstein, Arnaud de Villeneuve, Pietro d'Abano, Guy de Chauliac, and various other fourteenth-century physicians.
For example, Guy de Chauliac used Walter Burle's DC vita et moribus philosophroum and his own medical reading to construct a capsule history of surgery from Hippocrates to his own day that is relatively rich in chronology and detail.