(gē də shōlyäk`), c.1300–1368, French surgeon. At Avignon he was physician to Pope Clement VI and to two of his successors. His Chirurgia magna (1363) was used as a manual by physicians for three centuries.
En la peninsula iberica, y mas concretamente en Castilla, la obra de Borgognoni, junto con las de Lanfranco de Milan (segunda mitad del siglo XIII) (7) y Guy de Chauliac (siglo XIV), son las mas influyentes en la cirugia medieval (8).
Los examinadores utilizan la obra de Guy de Chauliac en el examen que hacen a los cirujanos (13).
Struck down by the plague and given up for dead by colleagues, Guy de Chauliac in fact recovered and went on to include an account of the pestilence and his experience of it in his Great Surgery of 1363.
Weill-Parot pursues these problems in al-Kindi, Guillaume d'Auvergne, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, Roger Bacon, and then more briefly in Matteo d'Aquasparta, John Peckham, Pierre d'Auvergne, Michael Scot, Cecco d'Ascoli, John of Eschenden, Leopoldus of Austria, Taddeo da Parma, John of Saxe, Andreas de Sommaria, Nicole Oresme, Heinrich von Langenstein, Arnaud de Villeneuve, Pietro d'Abano, Guy de Chauliac, and various other fourteenth-century physicians.
For example, Guy de Chauliac used Walter Burle's DC vita et moribus philosophroum and his own medical reading to construct a capsule history of surgery from Hippocrates to his own day that is relatively rich in chronology and detail.
As background to the plague, we are refreshed not only on the philosophy of Bernard Silvester, but we also benefit from a mini-catalogue of medical authorities: John of Salisbury, Tommaso del Garbo, Guy de Chauliac, Dondoli da Oriolo, Gentile da Foligno.