Guy de Maupassant


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Maupassant, Guy de

(gē də mōpäsäN`), 1850–93, French novelist and short-story writer, of an ancient Norman family. He worked in a government office at Paris and became known c.1880 as the most brilliant of the circle of Zola. He poured out a prodigious number of short stories, novels, plays, and travel sketches until 1891, when he went mad. He died in a sanitarium. Maupassant's style and treatment of subject resemble those of Flaubert in classic simplicity, clarity, and objective calm. Maupassant is a modern exemplar of traditional French psychological realism; he portrays his characters as unhappy victims of their greed, desire, or vanity but presents even the most sordid details of their lives without sermonizing. His best novels are considered to be Une Vie (1883, tr. A Life), about the disillusioning life of a lonely woman; Bel-Ami (1885), describing the career of a selfish journalist; Pierre et Jean (1888), a study of the hatred of two brothers; and Notre Cœur (1890, tr. Our Hearts), showing the emotional life of an unhappily married man. His short stories, 300 in all, are superior to the rest of his work, and many of them are said to be unsurpassed in their genre. A list of his masterpieces would include "Boule de suif" ("Tallow Ball"), "L'Héritage" ("The Heritage"), "La Parure" ("The Necklace"), "La Maison Tellier" ("The House of Mme Tellier"), "Clair de lune" ("Moonlight"), "La Ficelle" ("The Piece of String"), "Mlle Fifi," and "Miss Harriet." Maupassant had tremendous influence on all European literature, and his works are often translated.

Bibliography

See studies by E. D. Sullivan (1954, repr. 1971); A. H. Wallace (1973), and S. Jackson (1938, repr. 1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
Hemingway also owned two biographies of Maupassant--Pierre Borel's La Destin Tragique de Guy de Maupassant (1926) and Robert Harborough's The Life, Work and Evil Fate of Guy de Maupassant (1926) (Reynolds l0l, item 449 and 134, item 1042).
When I arrived at the ancient city, known for its associations with Richard the Lionheart, Gustave Flaubert, Guy de Maupassant and Claude Monet, I walked through the medieval streets and visited the place where Joan of Arc was burnt at the stake.
In his Epilogue, Andriopoulos relates how Guy de Maupassant once received a hallucinatory visitation of his own self, which compelled him to write material against his own will and subsequently disappeared again.
The selections from Allama Iqbal, Bulleh Shah, Jalal-ud-Din Rumi, Sachal Sarmast, Guy de Maupassant, Charles Parrault, Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi and Ghulam Abbas have been part of English courses of study.
But the manner in which they articulate can also be important, and French kings, according to the celebrated nineteenth-century French writer Guy de Maupassant, have been particularly adept at skillfully using language to get what they want.
Yn ogystal a rhai o glasuron y stori fer Gymraeg gan awduron fel Kate Roberts, Mihangel Morgan ac Eigra Lewis Roberts mae'r ddwy gyfrol - 20 Stori Fer (Cyfrol 1 & 2) - yn cynnwys cyfieithiadau i'r Gymraeg o waith rhai o awduron mawr Ewrop fel Anton Chekhov a Guy de Maupassant.
La singerie de Paul au cafe quand il joue l' homme cherchant le Palais des Sports est pourtant doublement simiesque--non seulement imitation mais travestissement--des que I'on se rappelle la source I it--teraire (a moitie abandonnee) du film: le conte "Le Signe"--on a pres-que envie d'ecrire "Le Singe"--de Guy de Maupassant.
Y stori gyntaf yn y gyfrol gyntaf ywYDiafol gan Guy de Maupassant.
Hoffmann, o, mas tarde, en tono fantastico, El retrato de Dorian Grey, de Oscar Wilde; El hombre doble, de Marcel Schwob--autor de Vidas imaginarias, donde quizas tambien este autor se asegura sus propios dobles--, o el relato <<El Horla>>, de Guy de Maupassant, que anticipa el terror sobrenatural de Lovecraft.
Titled "Unexpected Developments, this installment of the series also featured stories by Edgar Allan Poe, Guy de Maupassant, and H.
It also discusses important contemporaries and colleagues of Verga, including, but not limited to, Emile Zola, Guy de Maupassant, Emilio Treves, Antonio Fogazzaro, and Gabriele D'Annunzio.
el Paris teosofo, mago, satanico y ocultista; el Paris que visita en los hospitales al poeta Paul Verlaine; el Paris, que erige estatuas a Baudelaire y a Barbey de Aurevilly; el Paris que hizo la noche en el cerebro de Guy de Maupassant [.