Guienne

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Guienne,

Fr. Guyenne (both: gēĕn`, gwē–), region of SW France. The name referred to different territories at different times. Guienne as it existed from the time of Henry IV (late 16th–early 17th cent.) to the French Revolution covered the present departments of Gironde, Dordogne, Lot, Lot-et-Garonne, and Aveyron and most of Tarn-et-Garonne. It thus had no geographic unity and included part of the Aquitaine basin and part of the Massif CentralMassif Central
[Fr.,=central highlands], great mountainous plateau, c.33,000 sq mi (85,470 sq km), S central France, covering almost a sixth of the surface of the country.
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. BordeauxBordeaux
, city (1990 pop. 213,274), capital of Gironde dept., SW France, on the Garonne River. Bordeaux is a major economic and cultural center, and a busy port accessible to oceangoing ships from the Atlantic through the Gironde River.
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 is the historical capital, the chief port, and the center of the wine industry. Guienne was synonymous with AquitaineAquitaine
, Lat. Aquitania, former duchy and kingdom in SW France. Julius Caesar conquered the Aquitani, an Iberian people of SW Gaul, in 56 B.C. The province that he created occupied the territory between the Garonne River and the Pyrenees; under Roman rule it was
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 until the Hundred Years War (1337–1453). It passed to England through the marriage (1152) of Eleanor of Aquitaine to Henry II. In 1453, Guienne was reconquered by France. To its main components—Bordelais, PérigordPérigord
, region of SW France, now included in Dordogne and parts of Lot-et-Garonne depts. Périgueux (the capital) and Bergerac are the chief cities. The region consists of low, arid limestone plateaus, the deep and fertile valleys of the Lot and Dordogne rivers,
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, and Agenois (see AgenAgen
, town (1990 pop. 32,223), capital of Lot-et-Garonne dept., SW France, on the Garonne River, in Guienne. It is an agricultural marketplace in the center of a fruit-growing region and an industrial center where food products, clothing, agricultural machinery, bicycles,
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)—two former dependencies of Toulouse were added, QuercyQuercy
, region and former county, SW France, now divided between Lot and Tarn-et-Garonne depts. Cahors is the chief city. It consists of arid limestone plateaus (causses), cut by fertile valleys of the Lot, Dordogne, and Aveyron rivers.
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 and RouergueRouergue
, region of S France, in the S Massif Central, coextensive with the present Aveyron dept. Rodez, the historic capital, and Millau are the chief towns. One of the most mountainous areas of France, it is traversed by the Aveyron, Tarn, and other rivers, which form many
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. From the 17th cent. to 1792 it formed part of the vast province of Guienne and Gascony under the jurisdiction of the parlementparlement
, in French history, the chief judicial body under the ancien régime. The parlement consisted of a number of separate chambers: the central pleading chamber, called the Grand-Chambre; the Chambre des Requêtes
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 of Bordeaux. The birth of the lyric poetry of the troubadourstroubadours
, aristocratic poet-musicians of S France (Provence) who flourished from the end of the 11th cent. through the 13th cent. Many troubadours were noblemen and crusader knights; some were kings, e.g.
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 occurred in Guienne (11th–12th cent.).

Guienne

, Guyenne
a former province of SW France: formed, with Gascony, the duchy of Aquitaine during the 12th century
References in periodicals archive ?
Whether these debates were influenced by the fact that Protestants had seized a number of cities across France or that royal armies were laying siege to some of these cities and pursuing Protestant rebels in neighboring parts of Languedoc and Guyenne is nowhere addressed.
Guyenne et Gascogne's three components will continue with their dynamic commercial development at a sustained rate over the coming months.
Quelque durable qu'ait ete le pouvoir des rois d'Angleterre en Guyenne, la presence anglaise proprement dite y a ete pour sa part extremement limitee.
de Mayenne en Guyenne," 22 December 1586, in Duplessis-Mornay, Memoires, III, 386-407.
Marie and Marianne held high standards for women they considered "of good character," and Marie wrote disapprovingly of the antics of Madame d'Egmont, daughter of the governor of the province of the Guyenne, when she was in town.
Contract award: demolition of a university residence - square guyenne in rennes.
Guyenne et Gascogne's annual general meeting will be held at 3pm on Wednesday May 21st, 2008 at HAA[acute accent]tel Mercure - avenue Jean Rostand in Bayonne (France).
The first, entitled "The Promised Land," deals with the historical background to Guyenne and its associated provinces; the manner in which the Albret dynasty acquired its lands, titles and political authority in the region; and the spread of Protestantism there, including Jeanne's own evangelization.
On the other hand, the principality's ruling family, the Albret, married into the French royal house, held vast possessions in France, served the French king as royal governor and admiral of Guyenne, sought French protection when Spain threatened to invade, and repeatedly pestered the French crown for military assistance to help them reconquer their lost possessions of Upper Navarre.
According to Malpoy, the scene on the archway was an allegory of Conde's defeat of the Huguenot rebellions of Languedoc and Guyenne.
She in turn might then revive England's dynastic claim to Guyenne.
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: works redevelopment of public areas of the residence rivers bruay-la-lys - buildings vercors, vanoise, gironde and guyenne - second consultation following the infructuosite batch "electricity" and "sanitary plumbing.