Guzmán, Nuño de

Guzmán, Nuño de

(no͞o`nyō thā go͞othmän`), or

Núñez Beltrán de Guzmán

(no͞o`nyĕth bĕlträn`), d. 1544, Spanish conquistador. After serving as governor of Panuco in NE Mexico, he became president of the first audiencia of New Spain (1528). His notorious rule brought an outcry from the colonists; in 1530 the audiencia was excommunicated by Bishop ZumárragaZumárraga, Juan de
, 1468–1548, Spanish churchman, first bishop of Mexico, a Franciscan. Going to Mexico in 1528, he became prominent in governmental affairs and opposed Nuño de Guzmán and the audiencia.
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. Meanwhile, Guzmán left Mexico City (Dec., 1529), conquered Nueva GaliciaNueva Galicia
, Spanish colonial administrative region, W Mexico, comprising roughly the present states of Jalisco and Nayarit with S Sinaloa. Conquered (1529–31) by Nuño de Guzmán and later governed by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, the territory was
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, and was responsible for the founding of Culiacán and Guadalajara. He blocked several expeditions sent out by CortésCortés, Hernán,
or Hernando Cortez
, 1485–1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico. Expedition to Mexico

Cortés went (1504) first to Hispaniola and later (1511) accompanied Diego de Velázquez to Cuba.
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, his bitter rival. Guzmán's conquest was, however, not very productive. He stirred up trouble with the native people and with his own men. Superseded in the governorship, he was imprisoned (1536–38); he then returned to Spain, where he died in obscurity.


See study by D. E. Chipman (1966).