Gwalior


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Gwalior

(gwä`lēôr), city and former princely state, central India. Part of Madhya Pradesh state since 1956, the territory of Gwalior formerly consisted of one large territory and several exclaves. The state was formed in the mid-18th cent. by Ranoji Sindhia, a Maratha chief who became independent of the peshwa (hereditary Maratha prime minister). Forces of Gwalior overran much of central India until they were checked by the British in the early 19th cent., and the state was temporarily annexed to the British domain. It was restored to the Sindhias in 1886. When India became independent in 1947, Gwalior and several other princely states were combined into the state of Madhya Bharat. In 1956, Madhya Bharat merged with Madhya Pradesh. The city of Gwalior (1991 pop. 717,780) was the capital of Gwalior state. It lies at the foot of Gwalior fort, a stronghold on the Rock of Gwalior, a plateau 2 mi (3.2 km) long and 300 ft (91 m) high. Within the battlemented walls of the fort are elaborately carved palaces and temples. Huge Jain reliefs are carved in the cliffs of the Rock of Gwalior. Among the city's manufactures are textiles, carpets, glass, matches, rayon, cigarettes, porcelain ware, leather and plastic goods, and processed food. There are several colleges, a zoological garden, and an industrial-research laboratory.

Gwalior

 

a principality in northern India that existed until 1948. From the tenth to the early 13th century Gwalior was ruled by the Rajput dynasties. In 1232 it was annexed by the Sultanate of Delhi, and at the very end of the 14th century Gwalior began to be ruled by the Rajput Dynasty of Tomar, whose most prominent representative, Man Singh, ruled during 1486-1516. Under Akbar it was incorporated into the Mogul Empire. In 1724, the principality was captured by the Marathas. As a result of the second Anglo-Maratha War (1803-05), Gwalior lost part of its territory and became a vassal principality of the British East India Company. In independent India in 1948 the territory of Gwalior was incorporated into the union of principalities of Madhya Bharat. Since 1956 the territory of Gwalior has been part of the state of Madhya Pradesh.


Gwalior

 

a city in northern India in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Population, 361,800 (1969). Gwalior is a transportation junction and has a textile industry (cotton, silk, and rugs), machine building for the textile industry, and a metal-working industry. The city produces ceramic goods and chemicals. It has an archaeological museum, architectural monuments from the 11th through the 16th century (temples, palaces, and fortifications), and giant 15th-century statues. Gwalior consists of three parts: Gwalior proper, which grew up around an ancient fortress; Lashkar, which originated in the 19th century; and Morar, a former suburb of Gwalior.

Gwalior

1. a city in N central India, in Madhya Pradesh: built around the fort, which dates from before 525; industrial and commercial centre. Pop.: 826 919 (2001)
2. a former princely state of central India, established in the 18th century: merged with Madhya Bharat in 1948, which in turn merged with Madhya Pradesh in 1956
References in periodicals archive ?
Eight civilians and some policemen were injured and half- a- dozen vehicles torched by the unruly mob, Gwalior SSP Santosh Kumar Singh said.
Television channels from India say that the C-130 J Plane, also known as super Hercules crashed in Karauli district in Rajasthan, 72 miles from Gwalior, a historical and major city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh located to the south of Agra, 219 kilometers south of Delhi and 423 kilometers north of Bhopal, the state capital.
Speaking at the official inauguration, AkzoNobel CEO Ton Buchner said: "India plays an extremely important role in our growth strategy and the new Gwalior site underlines our commitment to creating a leading coatings powerhouse in India.
During the bandh, Gwalior SP A Sai Manohar and Addition SP Manohar Verma directly supervised the security arrangements since morning.
K N Dikshit, in-charge of the Fisheries Department in Gwalior said that the adequate temperature for fish breeding is 18 to 20 degrees Celsius during the rainy season.
On your way back to Gwalior stop at Shilpagram, a craft village for souvenir gifts and leatherware.
We are convinced that the business as well as employees will go from strength to strength under the new management of LANXESS," said Ashwin Kothari, Chairman of Gwalior Chemical Industries Ltd.
According to the investigating, several students from MP, especially from Gajra Raja Medical College Gwalior, are linked to the Gwalior module of MPPEB racket.
Gwalior / Mumbai, Feb 25 (ANI): Cricket fans in India rejoiced after cricketer Sachin Tendulkar created history by scoring the first double century in one-day internationals against South Africa in the second one day international at Gwalior on Wednesday.
Tenders are invited for For preparation of Housing For All DPR with Construction Supervision And Quality Control in GWALIOR NAGAR NIGAM, GWALIOR, under PMAY
Delhi beat that year's new entrants Gwalior, with the chief architect of the win being Idris Beg, who scored a century in the second innings in Gwalior.
Gwalior, Feb 20 (ANI): Hundreds of people gathered on the streets of Gwalior on Thursday to take part in a silent demonstration against female infanticide and foeticide.