Gyanendra

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Gyanendra

(gyänĕn`drə), 1947–, last king of Nepal (2001–8). Second son of King Mahendra (r. 1955–72) and brother of King Birendra (r. 1972–2001), Gyanendra was a businessman whose assets included a hotel, tea estate, and cigarette factory and was also an adviser to King Birendra. Gyanendra became king in June, 2001, when Birendra and other royal family members were murdered by Crown Prince Dipendra, who was apparently distraught over royal disapproval of his choice of a wife. Under Gyanendra, Nepal's long-simmering Maoist insurgency worsened, and conflicts between the monarchy and Nepal's fractious politicians complicated the situation. In 2005 he assumed complete executive powers, arrested many politicians, dissidents, and others, and declared a state of emergency. The royal coup led to increasingly confrontational protests, and the king ended absolute rule in 2006. The reinstated parliament quickly reduced the king to a figurehead and subsequently signed a peace accord with the rebels. In 2008 the monarchy was abolished by the constituent assembly elected to write a new constitution.
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Other royal families, such as Queen Elizabeth II of England, King Gyanendra of Nepal, who were unable to attend the celebrations, sent their best wishes to King Bhumibol.
ON 1 February 2005, King Gyanendra of Nepal usurped all executive powers of State through a proclamation of a State of Emergency in the country that has been precipitously descending into bloody chaos since his anointment as king following the inexplicable massacre of most of the royal family on 1 June 2001 (see Contemporary Review, November 2001).
While I was there, King Gyanendra of Nepal overthrew his government after a long period of political turmoil amid a bloody campaign by Maoist rebels.
Prince Regent Gyanendra of Nepal has been proclaimed king in place of King Dipendra, who died early Monday two days after being named king, the state-owned Radio Nepal announced.
King Gyanendra of Nepal has expanded his six-month-old Cabinet, inducting 12 loyalists, a royal palace announcement said Thursday evening.
King Gyanendra of Nepal, widely criticized for seizing power and ''rolling back time'' to take the Himalayan kingdom to direct royal rule in February, has called for municipal elections ''within this year'' as a step toward restoring democracy.
KATHMANDU - King Gyanendra of Nepal, widely criticized for seizing power and ''rolling back time'' to take the Himalayan kingdom to direct royal rule in February, has called for municipal elections ''within this year'' as a step toward restoring democracy.
King Gyanendra of Nepal, who took absolute power and declared emergency direct rule earlier this month, inducted two political heavyweights into his Cabinet on Monday.
KATHMANDU - King Gyanendra of Nepal, who took absolute power and declared emergency direct rule earlier this month, inducted two political heavyweights into his Cabinet on Monday.
King Gyanendra of Nepal, facing revolts by communist rebels on one side and the country's political elite on the other, has called on his countrymen to make Nepal's new year a year of peace.
King Gyanendra of Nepal has clarified his position on executive powers, saying he no longer holds them and that they now lie with the cabinet, Nepalese newspapers reported Thursday.
King Gyanendra of Nepal will pay a state visit to neighboring China from July 9 to 15, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman announced Tuesday.