Gylippus


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Gylippus

(jĭlĭ`pəs), fl. 415–404 B.C., Spartan commander in the Peloponnesian WarPeloponnesian War
, 431–404 B.C., decisive struggle in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta. It ruined Athens, at least for a time. The rivalry between Athens' maritime domain and Sparta's land empire was of long standing. Athens under Pericles (from 445 B.C.
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. He was sent to help SyracuseSyracuse
, Ital. Siracusa, city (1991 pop. 125,941), capital of Syracuse prov., SE Sicily, Italy, on the Ionian Sea. It has a port and is a market and tourist center. Its manufactures include machinery and processed food.
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 in its defense against Athenian attack, and it was his resourcefulness and skill combined with Athenian ineptitude that brought about one of the greatest defeats Athens suffered (413 B.C.). Later he was banished from Sparta for stealing public money.
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The Athenians enjoyed early successes; however, in 414 BC during the siege of Syracuse, the Spartan strategos Gylippus intervened and turned the tide of battle in favor of the Syracusan forces.
Gylippus and the Syracusan forces were not successful in all of their engagements.
7) The Syracusans proved tough adversaries, especially after Sparta sent one of its generals, Gylippus, to assist them, along with a contingent of Corinthian hoplites.
In 413, Gylippus defeated the Athenians, Nicias was butchered, and at least 7,000 Athenians were captured and enslaved.
The results speak for themselves as the most powerful military force of the time, Athens, was soundly defeated by the smaller, less experienced city-state of Syracuse with the help of the Spartan commander Gylippus.
The carnage that Darius and Xerxes once could only hope for at Marathon and Salamis, Pericles, Cleon, Alcibiades, Brasidas, Gylippus, and Lysander a half century later brought about, killing more of their own people in a year than had the Persians in a decade.
Gylippus (Jenny Pitman/Bryan Smart) is so impressive in winning the three-mile chase at Leicester from Hinterland (Michael Henriques/David Chesney) that his odds for the Welsh National later this month are slashed to 8-1 (from 20).
110-41) The situation has worsened Zeus has badly dramatically: Gylippus has `deceived' arrived, a counter-wall has Agamemnon (110-18) been built by the Syracusans, etc.
The Athenian forces perhaps erred in returning to Catana to winter after their initial attack on Syracuse - thus allowing time for the enemy to recover and for the Spartan general Gylippus to appear.
Wide-margin wins on a truncated card at Newton Abbot with Malford (Geoff Pike/Ken Bosley) landing the novice chase by 15 lengths from Gylippus (Gay Kindersley/Bryan Smart), while Pergusa (Jim Payne/John Williams) has the same amount in hand of Topping (John Edwards/Richard Evans) in the novice hurdle.
he at once effected one important matter, by stirring up the dilatory Spartans to send Gylippus at once to Syracuse with reinforcements for that city.