Gymnosophists


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Gymnosophists

ancient Indian philosophers forsook clothing. [Asian Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 396]
See: Nudity
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Epictetus's sage, like the Cynic Heraclitus and the gymnosophist Dandamis, considers himself to be engaged in an intimate relationship with this single theistic entity standing in close relationship to nature, but not fully identified with the cosmos itself.
His pliability and manoeuvrability, though not discreditable in these circumstances, lack the tranquil assurance of the Gymnosophists with whom he is implicitly contrasted.
48) Dombrowski remarks that Porphyry's gymnosophists sound remarkably like Neoplatonists
The Gymnosophists, to the man ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) Alexander, write this letter:
The gymnosophists demand nothing, refuse nothing, and make little more of their missive than a statement of identity.
The gymnosophists appear detached from contemporary politics and warfare, addressing Alexander as [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], either ignorant or dismissive of his standard title of [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
57) Meroe's government pursues a celestial harmony through the worship of the Sun and Moon, with a priest-king at its head and an advisory council of philosopher/saints, the Gymnosophists, and thus has correspondences with the solar/celestial oriented theologies of later antiquity as well as philosophical utopias like Iambulus' City of the Sun, Zeno of Citium's Stoic Cosmopolis or Campanella's much later City of the Sun.
Likewise the solar/celestial religion of Meroe and of Sisimithres' gymnosophists can be viewed in part as Heliodorus' imaginative dream of a more effective religion, (76) as Apuleius' Metamorphoses presents Isis worship (at least from Lucius' perspective) as an ideal type of religious experience.