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(1) In ancient Greece, the women’s half of the rear part of a home, which included sleeping quarters for the masters and quarters for daughters and slave women.

(2) In the late Roman Empire and Byzantium, state or private workshops (primarily weaving shops), where both male and female slaves worked. The silk fabric and parchment gynaecea of Constantinople were famous until the tenth century.


That part of a Greek house or a church reserved for women.
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61) This location, adjacent to the northern women's aisle (the gynaeceum (62)) on the ground floor, indicates that their duties included general oversight or management of the gynaeceum, just as the Apostolic Constitutions prescribed for deaconesses in the early church.
In a vehement attack on Pietist women, Feustking connected women's spirituality with heresy in his Gynaeceum Haeretico Fanaticum.
He concludes his discussion by referring the difficulties to changing economic conditions: "Could Chretien's colorful depiction of a gynaeceum have had any correspondence with reality?