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(1) In ancient Greece, the women’s half of the rear part of a home, which included sleeping quarters for the masters and quarters for daughters and slave women.

(2) In the late Roman Empire and Byzantium, state or private workshops (primarily weaving shops), where both male and female slaves worked. The silk fabric and parchment gynaecea of Constantinople were famous until the tenth century.


That part of a Greek house or a church reserved for women.