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Abnormal enlargement of the mammary glands in the male.



excessive unilateral or bilateral enlargement of the mammary glands in males, so that they sometimes resemble female glands. Temporary, mild gynecomastia often occurs in adolescent males. Pronounced gynecomastia is one of the symptoms of primary diseases of the endocrine glands, especially the gonads. Patients develop secondary female sex characteristics (feminine pelvis, hips, and voice), lose facial hair, and suffer sexual disturbances. Gynecomastia can also develop in cases of liver diseases (cirrhosis), because of disturbances in estrogen metabolism. Treatment involves elimination of the main disease and sometimes surgery.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sheller was the first to call attention to the link between Risperdal and gynecomastia and contends the drug should never have been approved for children.
Gynecomastia is observed as a proliferation of breast tissue on CT and as dense breast tissue on mammography.
At this point, mitotic count, necrosis, patient age, and the presence of gynecomastia do not appear to predict benign versus malignant behavior (Table 2).
In follow-up examinations a few months later, the gynecomastia disappeared.
But male breast enlargement, known as gynecomastia, is so common that nearly 50 per cent of men have it at some point in their lives, US doctor Glenn Braunstein said.
Prepubertal Gynecomastia Linked to Lavender and Tea Tree Oils.
Researchers at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), confirmed in laboratory studies what a pediatric endocrinologist at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Science Centera[euro](tm)s School of Medicine suspected after diagnosing three of his young male patients with prepubertal gynecomastia.
Other specialty papers include minimally invasive treatment for pseudo-aneurysms, endovenous laser therapy for varicose veins, gynecomastia evaluation and management, and a survey of randomized trials.
For Merseyside men rhinoplasty, or nose jobs, remain the top procedure with gynecomastia - breast reduction -as the second most popular procedure.
Secondary endpoints include improvements in bone mineral density (BMD), hot flashes, gynecomastia, and lipid profiles.