Gynecomastia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

gynecomastia

[‚gīn·ə·kō′mas·tē·ə]
(medicine)
Abnormal enlargement of the mammary glands in the male.

Gynecomastia

 

excessive unilateral or bilateral enlargement of the mammary glands in males, so that they sometimes resemble female glands. Temporary, mild gynecomastia often occurs in adolescent males. Pronounced gynecomastia is one of the symptoms of primary diseases of the endocrine glands, especially the gonads. Patients develop secondary female sex characteristics (feminine pelvis, hips, and voice), lose facial hair, and suffer sexual disturbances. Gynecomastia can also develop in cases of liver diseases (cirrhosis), because of disturbances in estrogen metabolism. Treatment involves elimination of the main disease and sometimes surgery.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sonography of pediatric male breast masses: gynecomastia and beyond.
In 47/55 cases the diagnosis was same on both cytology and histology, but 8 suspicious cytosmear cases turned out to be ductal carcinoma in 5 cases, gynecomastia in 3 cases on histology.
Gynecomastia, which is the classical manifestation, was absent in this patient probably due to the resistance of the breast tissue to estradiol.
The aim of this pilot study was to determine correct NAC position in transgender and gynecomastia patients utilising scientific calculations and modification of the Persichetti technique and evaluate the placement and final cosmetic result.
However, physicians treating patients with resistant hypertension may have concerns about hyperkalemia, gynecomastia, and effects on renal function.
Gynecomastia was present, and the breast tissue was tender to palpation.
Enquiries for gynecomastia - a common condition which affects men's breasts and can be caused by puberty, hormonal imbalances or obesity - also saw a big increase in the last year with over half the enquiries coming from men aged 25-34, despite the PS3.
Their providing lots of overlooked information; no other gynecomastia site has demonstrated this level of excellence in serving the community so joining forces simply made sense to me and it crossed my mind before Rick approached us with the idea.
Q What is gynecomastia, and what causes this condition?
London, December 6 ( ANI ): A US plastic surgeon has linked smoking cannabis to gynecomastia, commonly known as "man boobs".
Prof Vohra mentioned that common endocrine disorders, besides diabetes, are thyroid diseases, short/tall stature, osteoporosis (brittle bones)/calcium metabolism, male and female infertility, hirsutism (excessive hair), gynecomastia (development of abnormally large breasts in men), ambiguous genitalia, sexual problems and steroid disorders.
Atypical antipsychotics present a number of drawbacks and have dangerous toxicity levels that still need study I am concerned about metabolic syndrome (diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, gynecomastia, severe obesity, etc.