Gyor


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Győr

(dyör), Ger. Raab (räb), city (1991 est. pop. 129,598), NW Hungary, near the Slovakian border and at the confluence of the Rába and Danube rivers. Győr is a road and rail hub, a river port, a county administrative center, and a leading industrial city, known especially for its engineering works, textile plants. Manufactures include motor vehicle engines, automobiles, and furniture. Its location about midway between Budapest and Vienna makes the city an important communications point. The site of Győr was a Roman military outpost called Arabona that was evacuated in the 4th cent. A.D. and later destroyed. The Magyars built fortifications there in the 9th cent., and Győr grew around the fortress, which was later (17th cent.) used as a defensive position against the Turks. Győr became an episcopal see in 1001 and was made a royal free town in 1743. In 1849, Hungarian revolutionary forces were decisively defeated by the Austrians near Győr. The city's industrialization dates from the second half of the 19th cent. Present-day landmarks include a 12th-century cathedral (rebuilt 17th cent.), an episcopal palace, and several impressive monuments and baroque houses from the 17th and 18th cent.

Györ

 

a city in northwestern Hungary, at the confluence of the Raba River and a branch of the Danube. Administrative center of the megye (county) of Györ-Sopron. Population, 87,000 (1970). Major railroad junction and river port; third largest industrial center of the country (after Budapest and Miskolc). Industry includes metalworking (the Wilhelm Pieck Works, which produces railroad cars and machines and has about 10,000 employees, as well as a machine-tool plant), textiles (cotton, wool, and linen), and food-processing (vegetable oil, flour, alcoholic beverages, and meat). There is production of lacquers, paint, artificial leather, furniture, and construction materials. There is a pedagogical institute and a theater.

The center of Györ has a hill with a church (construction was begun in the second half of the 12th century; Hédervary’s Gothic chapel dates from the early 15th century, and baroque interior, from the 17th and 18th centuries: frescoes by F. A. Maulbertsch, 1772-81; and the classical facade, 1823). Around the hill are irregular blocks from the Middle Ages, beyond which is the more regular construction of the 19th and 20th centuries. Among Györ’s architectural monuments are the remains of the fortress walls (1564-75; architect P. Ferrabosco), the bishop’s palace (16th century), the baroque churches of St. Ignatius (1635-41; paintings by P. Troger, 1744-47) and the Carmelites (1721-25; architect M. A. Wittwer), and numerous houses from the 17th and 18th centuries, with ground-level arched galleries and bay windows. The J. Xantus Museum has collections of archaeology and folk art.

REFERENCES

Borbiró, V., and Is. Vallo. Györ városépitéstörténete. Budapest, 1956.
Jenei, F. Régi Györi házak. Budapest, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
Paul Ford, Team GB's chef de mission for Gyor, said: "At the end of a hectic week I am delighted with how the 50 athletes have represented their country, both in terms of their performance and embodying the values expected of them as Team GB athletes.
Audi is building a body-manufacturing shop, a paint shop and a press shop in Gyor.
Gyor is embraced by two rivers, the Moson Danube and the Roba, and it is very near the Austrian border so it's not by accident that it is an ideal city for meetings.
It was mentioned that Audi, a unit of Volkswagen AG , has said it plans to lift production to 125,000 vehicles a year once the expanded plant in Gyor begins full production from 2013.
And then, as if to tie us all together again--though sadly--he wrote of the recent death of Andras Kovacs, our mutual--and valued--friend when we worked together in Hungary, particularly, in Gyor, Kovacs' home town.
The Gyor National Ballet's dancers are expressive powerhouses who move through poignant choreography hinting at the struggles of their home country, Hungary.
These new lines will reinforce the capabilities of our OnCap specialty additives range for BOPP, BOPET, and BOPA produced in Cergy (France), as well as our production of OnColor color concentrates for flexible and rigid packaging, health care, transportation, and industrial customers at facilities in Assesse (Belgium), Tossiat (France) and Gyor (Hungary).
LEEDS band Vib Gyor will be performing a special stripped-down set at Huddersfield venue The Peacock Lounge on Thursday.
Lapcom, the Hungarian media concern owned by Britain's Northcliffe International, will double the color capacity of its Goss Universal press at its Gyor plant by installing additional printing units.
ATMOSPHERIC rockers VIB GYOR, last seen locally at the Georgian Theatre in July last year, return to the venue tomorrow night.
athlete to finish in his age group at the 2007 World Duathlon Short Course World Championships held in Gyor, Hungary in May.
2-L V6 engine program (Audi A4 and A6) will be shipped to Audi's Gyor, Hungary, engine plant, while the PSA Peugeot Citroen business is for the 1.