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see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; human evolutionhuman evolution,
theory of the origins of the human species, Homo sapiens. Modern understanding of human origins is derived largely from the findings of paleontology, anthropology, and genetics, and involves the process of natural selection (see Darwinism).
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; racerace,
one of the group of populations regarded as constituting humanity. The differences that have historically determined the classification into races are predominantly physical aspects of appearance that are generally hereditary.
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References in periodicals archive ?
COMPETING INTERESTS Even as they acknowledge the ambiguity that shrouds any reconstruction of ancient minds, some proponents of the view that Neandertals evolved separately from H.
Cultural changes indeed blossomed in the archaeological record beginning about 50,000 years ago, even if scattered evidence of body ornaments and symbolic behavior dates to much earlier times among H.
That theory previously received a boost with the discovery in Portugal of a 24,500-year-old skeleton that Trinkaus and Zilhao view as a prime example of interbreeding between modern H.
The Oase fossils contain a different mosaic of characteristics, with more pieces from archaic H.
The only question remaining now is whether modern H.
Human fossils from later in the Stone Age exhibit signs of inter-breeding among Africans and non-Africans, even if H.
Majo and Tillier examined pelvic remains of three Neandertal children from La Ferrassie, a roughly 70,000-year-old French site, and of three H.
The length and thickness of the Dederiyah toddlers' leg bones also fall within the range of the H.
The Danakil skull displays few obvious anatomical links to H.
erectus skulls from Africa, China and Indonesia that span a broad time range, as well as 10 early H.