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see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; human evolutionhuman evolution,
theory of the origins of the human species, Homo sapiens. Modern understanding of human origins is derived largely from the findings of paleontology, anthropology, and genetics, and involves the process of natural selection (see Darwinism).
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; racerace,
one of the group of populations regarded as constituting humanity. The differences that have historically determined the classification into races are predominantly physical aspects of appearance that are generally hereditary.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Neandertals and their ancestors--who originated in western Europe as many as 800,000 years ago, according to fossil finds in Spain--evolved in cold areas, far from the African tropics that nurtured H.
Artwork, ceremonial goods placed in graves, and other discoveries made mainly at Stone Age H.
Aside from the Oase specimen's teeth, the heft of its jaw and the shape of parts of its braincase also hark back to H.
The mix of old and new features on the Romanian fossils adds to suspicion that, on the evolutionary path toward today's people, interbreeding occurred among H.
The investigators classify the skulls as embers of a "near-human" H.
A separate species of African hominids living at the same time evolved into H.