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Hay,

river, c.530 mi (850 km) long, rising in several headstreams in NE British Columbia and NW Alta., Canada, and flowing generally NE through NW Alta., over Alexander Falls, and into Great Slave Lake. Its valley, a principal north-south route, is followed by a highway and a railroad.

hay,

wild or cultivated plants, chiefly grasses and legumes, mown and dried for use as livestock fodder. Hay is an important factor in cattle raising and is one of the leading crops of the United States. Alfalfa, timothy, and red clover are the principal hay crops. After mowing, the hay is left spread in the field or is stacked in windrows or in cocks for drying. It must dry quickly and uniformly; its nutritive value and palatability are reduced by overexposure to sunlight or rain, and unequal drying often results in loss of the leaves, which form two thirds of its feed value.

Hay

 

grass that has been mowed and dried to a moisture level of 15–17 percent or less; one of the basic feeds for ruminant farm animals during stabling. The nutritional value of hay depends on its botanical composition, the place the grass was grown, the time and method of harvesting, and the length and conditions of storage.

The following types of hay are distinguished: legumes, cereals, forbs, legume-cereals, legume-cereal-forbs, cereal-forbs, and legume-forbs. The nutritional value of plants in these groups differs, and therefore the quality of hay is determined by their quantitative ratios. The most valuable hay comes from such legumes as alfalfa, clover, common vetch, and bird’s-foot trefoil; such cereals as Kentucky bluegrass, meadow fescue, ryegrass, timothy, orchardgrass, and wheatgrass; and such forbs as prostrate knotweed and meadow salsify.

Hay made from coarse sedges, rushes, Saint-John’s-wort, ferns, and horsetails is low in nutritional value and virtually inedible. Hay made from plants raised in the steppe is generally richer in nutrients than hay from plants grown in swampy regions. Hay from grasses harvested in the early phases of development contains more nutrients and vitamins and is easier to digest than hay from grasses harvested in late stages. The best hay from legumes is obtained when the plants are mowed during budding or early flowering. The best cereal hays are made from grasses mown during ear formation. The nutritional value of hay is also affected by the leafiness of the plants, since the leaves have significantly more protein, fats, and mineral substances than the stems; the digestibility of these substances in the leaves is higher. The nutritional value of high-quality leguminous hay approaches that of concentrated feeds. One hundred kilograms contain approximately 50 feed units, 9.2 kg of digestible protein, 1,000–1,500 g of calcium, and 200–220 g of phosphorus. Leguminous hay also contains carotene, and vitamin B1, vitamin B2, and vitamin D. Hay from cereal grasses contains less protein and calcium; 100 kg of meadow hay averages 45.8 feed units, 4.9 kg of digestible protein, 600 g of calcium, and 210 g of phosphorus.

Hay is usually fed without any processing to cattle, sheep, and horses; hogs and poultry are fed hay meal or grass meal. The quality of hay is determined by evaluating its color, odor, dust content, and softness. High-quality hay is green. Late-harvested hay, hay that has lain in the sun for a long time, hay that has been rained on during the drying process, and hay that has undergone self-warming in stacks and shocks may be greenish yellow, yellow, pale white, light or dark brown, or dark cinnamon. Correctly harvested dry hay has a pleasant, fresh odor; hay sometimes takes on the distinctive odor of certain grasses (sweet vernal grass, wormwood). A musty and moldy odor appears when grass is dried in rainy weather and stored while too moist. The dust contained in hay results from slight heating. Hay is stored in shocks or stacks in the open air, in hay barns, or under canopies. It is baled for convenient transporting and storage. In the USSR hay accounts for roughly 40–45 percent of feed units in the winter diet and up to 50 percent of the digestible protein. In 1965, 78.2 million tons of hay was fed to livestock, and in 1973, 80.8 million tons.

REFERENCE

Larin, I. V. Lugovodstvo i pastbishchnoe khoziaistvo, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1969.

V. BORINEVICH

hay

[]
(agriculture)
Forage plants cut and dried for animal feed.

hay

, hey
1. a circular figure in country dancing
2. a former country dance in which the dancers wove in and out of a circle

Hay

Will. 1888--1949, British music-hall comedian, who later starred in films, such as Oh, Mr Porter! (1937)
References in periodicals archive ?
Clare White, chief executive of Alder Hey Children's Charity, tells ECHO readers: "For me, the message is 'Thank you so much for what you've done so far'.
Could I urge anybody who shares similar views to write to our newspapers and city council as a matter of urgency, to show their support for Alder Hey and their re-development plans to continue at the existing site in West Derby
Born with a cleft lip and palate and osteomyelitis, Mark spent his childhood in and out of Alder Hey and has had over 100 operations.
The singing and dancing mums felt they had what it took to do something about this and created the Hey Diddles, a show aimed specifically at pre-school and early years children.
Duncan McReddie, defending, said: "Christopher Hey accepts that he alone is responsible for this incident.
chief executive of Children's Charity Former Liverpool star Jamie Carragher, an Alder Hey Children's Charity patron, was born with the same condition and spent the first six weeks of his life in Alder Hey.
Paediatric surgeon and director of Innovation at Alder Hey, Iain Hennessey, said: "This is an unprecedented opportunity for Alder Hey to pilot this groundbreaking technology and learn how to transform IT capability and working practices in healthcare, not just in the UK but across the world.
The current position as notified by Hey Trends Liquidator is assets of Au114,452 and liabilities of Au1,990,011At the uncontested hearing, Registrar Briggs commented in relation to Mr Cemal:The misappropriation of the entire business of the company is a very serious breach of duty and it is hard to think of anything of graver concern to creditors and the court.
Pond's third Hoka Hey ride, though he has yet to finish the grueling challenge in seven days.
My background, I hope, gives and will bring a bit of a different expertise to the CA board," the Sydney Morning Herald quoted Hey, as saying.
Most of the scheme, which includes demolition of the old premises and reinstating lost parkland, will be funded through cash generated by Alder Hey and charity donations, with pounds 104m borrowed through PFI.
Neidhardt, also managed to secure a puppy from the Lassie line: Hey Hey's sister, Gina.